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Selective gas phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride over Ni-supported catalysts: Effect of support on the catalytic performance

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40749 45864 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Selective gas phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride over Ni-supported catalysts: Effect of support on the catalytic performance
Abstract

The gas phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride to obtain γ-butyrolactone was studied using Ni supported on SiO2, SiO2–Al2O3 and zeolite H-BEA as catalysts. The samples were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and characterized by N2 adsorption at −196 °C (Sg), X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature programmed reduction (TPR), temperature programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3) and chemisorption of H2. The reaction was carried out at 170 °C and 220 °C in a fixed bed reactor operating at atmospheric pressure. From the characterization results, it was determined that the degree of Ni2+–support interaction varies according to the following pattern: Ni/HBEA > Ni/SiO2–Al2O3 > Ni/SiO2. All catalysts were very active in the hydrogenation of maleic anhydride to succinic anhydride. However, hydrogenolytic activity and stability of nickel-based catalyst varies with the degree of interaction Ni2+–support. Ni/H-BEA, in which Ni2+–support interaction is the highest, was active in the hydrogenolysis of succinic anhydride to γ-butyrolactone but it was not stable. By contrast, Ni/SiO2–Al2O3 and Ni/SiO2, with medium or low degree of Ni2+–support interaction, were more stable than Ni/H-BEA. In addition, Ni/SiO2–Al2O3, with a medium degree of Ni2+–support interaction, was the most stable and selective to γ-butyrolactone, especially when the reaction was carried out at 220 °C.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (145 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Ni supported catalysts are active for selective gas phase hydrogenolysis of succinic anhydride. ► The active metal nickel phase depends on Ni2+–support interaction in oxide precursor. ► Ni–support interaction pattern is: Ni/SiO2 < Ni/SiO2–Al2O3 < Ni/H-BEA. ► The best catalytic performance for GBL production was obtained with Ni/SiO2–Al2O3.

Keywords
Hydrogenation; Hydrogenolysis; Ni-based catalysts; γ-Butyrolactone
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Selective gas phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride over Ni-supported catalysts: Effect of support on the catalytic performance
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 449, 27 December 2012, Pages 81–87
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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