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Interaction of Zn2+ with extraframework aluminum in HBEA zeolite and its role in enhancing n-pentane isomerization

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40798 45866 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Interaction of Zn2+ with extraframework aluminum in HBEA zeolite and its role in enhancing n-pentane isomerization
Abstract

The electrodeposition method was used to produce Zn2+ cation precursors, followed by the introduction of Zn2+ cation precursors to HBEA by the ion exchange technique. The introduction of Zn2+ cations slightly changed the specific surface area and crystallinity of HBEA. IR, XPS and solid state MAS NMR results showed that Zn2+ cations interacted with (AlO)+ extraframework aluminum to form Zn(OAl)2 and simultaneously induced the formation of bridging hydroxyl groups, Si(OH)Al. The pyridine adsorbed IR study revealed that the presence of Zn2+ cations fully eliminated weak and partially eliminated strong Brønsted acid sites. As a result, strong and relatively weak Lewis acid sites were formed in which the pyridine probe molecule desorbed at 623 K and below. The presence of Zn2+ cations enhanced the catalytic activity of HBEA in n-pentane isomerization due to the presence of strong Lewis acid sites; the sites may facilitate the formation and maintenance of active protonic acid sites through a hydrogen spillover mechanism. At 598 K, the yield of isopentane for Zn-HBEA was 25.7% higher than that of HBEA. Within a reaction temperature range of 373–648 K, the apparent activation energy for isomerization of n-pentane over HBEA and Zn-HBEA was 118.76 and 90.79 kJ/mol, respectively.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (78 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Zn2+ bonded with (AlO)+ extraframework aluminum to form Zn(OAl)2. ► The formation of Zn(OAl)2 induced the formation of Si(OH)Al. ► The Brønsted acidic center exchanged from (AlO)+ to Si(OH)Al. ► Zn2+ increased Lewis acid sites and decreased Brønsted acid sites. ► The presence of Zn2+ increased the yield of iso-pentane by about 25.7% over HBEA.

Keywords
Zn-HBEA; Extraframework aluminum; Bridging hydroxyl groups; Protonic acid sites; n-Pentane isomerization
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Interaction of Zn2+ with extraframework aluminum in HBEA zeolite and its role in enhancing n-pentane isomerization
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 431–432, 26 July 2012, Pages 104–112
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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