Liquid phase acetoxylation of α-pinene over Amberlyst-70 ion-exchange resin
Heterogeneously-catalyzed and solvent-catalyzed liquid phase acetoxylation of α-pinene with acetic acid acting as both a solvent and a reagent was studied. Both solvent-catalyzed and catalytic experiments were carried out and various reaction conditions were studied. The influence of temperature, pressure, solvent and gas milieu were taken into account. Bornyl, fenchyl, verbenyl as well as α-terpinyl acetates, limonene, camphene and γ-terpinene were found among reaction products. The addition of the catalyst allowed for maximization of the yield of bornyl acetate. The predominant products obtained were α-terpinyl, verbenyl and bornyl acetates. The reaction pathways were identified and evaluated.The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of batch acetoxylation of α-pinene. The analysis of the complex product distribution is not trivial and, consequently, resolving the reaction network was important. The optimized reaction conditions were searched for aiming at an efficient conversion of α-pinene to a mixture of valuable products.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (135 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► One-pot process is proposed for α-pinene acetoxylation. ► High temperature improved the conversion and also leaded to products oligomerization. ► Valuable products produced in high yield via both catalytic and non-catalytic modes. ► Kinetic modeling was carried out for the proposed reaction network.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 435–436, 5 September 2012, Pages 43–50