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Effect of the support on the catalytic stability of Rh formulations for the water–gas shift reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40822 45867 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Effect of the support on the catalytic stability of Rh formulations for the water–gas shift reaction
Abstract

The stability of Rh(0.6)/La2O3 and Rh(0.6)/La2O3(27)·SiO2 catalysts used in the water–gas shift reaction (WGSR) was studied. In order to understand the different behavior of the two formulations, XRD, Raman spectroscopy and operando-DRIFTS were employed. It was demonstrated that Rh/La2O3·SiO2 showed a constant activity after 50 h on stream and that it was made up of La2Si2O7 with very low crystallinity and SiO2. On the other hand, Rh/La2O3 after use evolved to a mixture of oxycarbonates and lanthanum hydroxide evidenced by XRD and confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. This solid suffered a significant deactivation which was assigned to the formation of very small amounts of formate and carbonate residues. These residues disappeared after being burnt in air at 673 K and the initial catalytic activity was restored. The results obtained were useful to explain the reasons for the different stability of the two formulations and could have implications for the design of active catalysts used in the WGSR and in the processes in which it is involved.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (216 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Catalysts for high temperature water gas shift reaction in membrane reactors. ► Rhodium over La2O3 and La2O3·SiO2 oxides as catalysts. ► Deactivation of the Rh/La2O3 solid due to the formation of carbonate/formate species. ► The initial activity is restored after being burnt in air at 673 K.

Keywords
Hydrogen purification; Formate species; Binary support; Deactivation
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Effect of the support on the catalytic stability of Rh formulations for the water–gas shift reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 435–436, 5 September 2012, Pages 99–106
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us