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Effect of catalyst and solvent on the furan ring rearrangement to cyclopentanone

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40852 45868 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Effect of catalyst and solvent on the furan ring rearrangement to cyclopentanone
Abstract

The effect of solvent and Ni, Pt, Pd, Pt–Ru and Ru catalysts on the products distribution has been investigated in the reaction of furfural, furfuryl alcohol and 2-methyl furan under hydrogen pressure of 30–80 bar and at the reaction temperatures of 160–175 °C. In water as solvent the main reaction pathway is the rearrangement of furfural and furfuryl alcohol to cyclopentanone. In alcohols, the reaction leading to the furan ring rearrangement does not proceed. The distribution of reaction products is influenced by the furfural concentration and acid–base properties of solvent and supported metal catalyst. The important factor influencing the selectivity of the furan ring rearrangement to cyclopentanone is proposed to be stabilization of carbocation by strong binding on the metal surface and by additional interaction with co-adsorbed water and furfural or furfuryl alcohol. In excess of hydrogen this species is created by the scission of the CO bond in the alkoxide or hydroxyalkyl intermediates. A plausible reaction mechanism for the furan ring rearrangement was proposed.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (88 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Furfural, furfuryl alcohol, but not 2-methylfuran in water affords cyclopentanone. ► In alcohols are hydrogenated furan ring and carbonyl and hydroxymethyl groups. ► Furfural concentration influence the products distribution. ► Mechanism of furan ring rearrangement involve carbocation as reactive intermediate. ► Carbocation is stabilized by strong binding on the catalyst surface.

Keywords
Cyclopentanone; Furfural; Furfuryl alcohol; Solvent effect; Hydroxy-cyclopentenone; Ring rearrangement
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Effect of catalyst and solvent on the furan ring rearrangement to cyclopentanone
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 437–438, 26 September 2012, Pages 104–111
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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