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Platinum supported on alkaline and alkaline earth metal-doped alumina as catalysts for dry reforming and partial oxidation of methane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40864 45869 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
Platinum supported on alkaline and alkaline earth metal-doped alumina as catalysts for dry reforming and partial oxidation of methane
Abstract

Pt catalysts with low metal loadings (0.02, 0.1 and 0.5 wt%) supported on alkaline (Na and K) or alkaline earth (Mg) metals-doped alumina were tested in the catalytic partial oxidation and dry reforming of methane. Supports were characterized by X-ray diffraction and also by determining their BET surface area, temperature-programmed desorption of CO2, and isopropanol dehydration; while catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, temperature programmed reduction, tests of cyclohexane dehydrogenation, temperature-programmed oxidation, and transmission electronic microscopy. The presence of the dopants modified the thermal stability of the γ-Al2O3 phase by calcination at 1000 °C and the acidity of the support. The γ → θ transition took place for K- and Na-doped catalysts, the acidity being almost suppressed. Conversely, the Mg-doped γ-Al2O3 was thermally stable, and the catalysts still showed some acidic sites. The catalytic performances in both partial oxidation and dry reforming processes were dependent on the support dopants, with a more notable effect observed at low-noble-metal loadings. K- and Na-doped catalysts showed poor activities in the catalytic partial oxidation reaction, whereas the presence of Mg in the alumina promoted the catalytic activity. In the dry reforming reaction an improvement was found in the catalytic activity for the sample with the highest Pt content; moreover, the K-doped catalysts were slightly more efficient.

Graphical abstractCatalytic activity in the DR reaction at 750 °C (τ = 0.15 s)Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (155 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Pt catalysts supported on Na, K or Mg-doped alumina were tested in the CPO and DR. ► The catalytic performances in the tests were dependent on the support dopants. ► Highest Pt content supported on Mg-Al2O3 promoted the catalytic activity in the CPO. ► Highest Pt content supported on K-Al2O3 promoted the catalytic activity in the DR. ► No difference was observed due to the addition of doping element in the PtOxCly reduction.

Keywords
Methane; H2 production; Catalytic partial oxidation; Dry reforming; Supported Pt; Alkaline or alkaline earth metal-doped alumina
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Platinum supported on alkaline and alkaline earth metal-doped alumina as catalysts for dry reforming and partial oxidation of methane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 433–434, 8 August 2012, Pages 1–11
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us