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Rod-, flower-, and dumbbell-like MnO2: Highly active catalysts for the combustion of toluene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40889 45869 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Rod-, flower-, and dumbbell-like MnO2: Highly active catalysts for the combustion of toluene
Abstract

The rod-like tetragonal α-MnO2, flower-like hexagonal ɛ-MnO2, and dumbbell-like tetragonal β-MnO2 were prepared using the hydrothermal or water-bathing method under different conditions. It is shown that the α-MnO2, ɛ-MnO2, and β-MnO2 catalysts possessed a surface area of ca. 53, 30, and 114 m2/g, respectively. The oxygen adspecies concentration and low-temperature reducibility decreased in the order of α-MnO2 > ɛ-MnO2 > β-MnO2, coinciding with the sequence of their catalytic activities for toluene combustion. The well-defined morphological MnO2 catalysts performed much better than the bulk counterpart. At a space velocity of 20,000 mL/(g h), the temperature for 90% toluene conversion was 238, 229, and 241 °C over α-MnO2, ɛ-MnO2, and β-MnO2, respectively. The apparent activation energies of α-MnO2, ɛ-MnO2, and β-MnO2 were in the range of 20–26 kJ/mol. It is concluded that higher oxygen adspecies concentrations and better low-temperature reducibility were responsible for the good catalytic performance of the α-MnO2, ɛ-MnO2, and β-MnO2 materials.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (120 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► α-, ɛ-, and β-MnO2 with various shapes are prepared by hydrothermal or water-bathing method. ► Rod-like α-MnO2, flower-like ɛ-MnO2, and dumbbell-like β-MnO2 show a surface area of 30–114 m2/g. ► Well-defined morphological MnO2 possess high Oads concentrations and good reducibility. ► Rod-, flower-, and dumbbell-like MnO2 catalysts perform well for toluene combustion. ► High Oads concentration and good reducibility account for the good catalytic activity.

Keywords
Hydrothermal preparation method; Water-bathing preparation method; Well-defined morphology; Manganese oxide catalyst; Toluene combustion
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Rod-, flower-, and dumbbell-like MnO2: Highly active catalysts for the combustion of toluene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 433–434, 8 August 2012, Pages 206–213
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us