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Controlling the synergistic effect of oxygen vacancies and N dopants to enhance photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2 by H2 reduction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
40933 45871 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Controlling the synergistic effect of oxygen vacancies and N dopants to enhance photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2 by H2 reduction
Abstract

This paper focuses on improving photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2 photocatalyst for efficiently utilizing solar energy. A simple H2 reduction is found to remarkably enhance the photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2 for ethylene oxidation under visible light or simulated solar light irradiation. Ultraviolet/visible diffuse reflectance spectra (UV/vis DRS), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra were employed to characterize the surface properties and chemical states of nitrogen dopants in H2-reduced N-doped TiO2. The results reveal that H2 reduction facilitates the creation of oxygen vacancies and Ti3+ species in N-doped TiO2 but without removal of nitrogen species from catalyst surface. The formed oxygen vacancies and Ti3+ species seriously influence electron excitation from doped nitrogen species and subsequently tune the generation of active oxygen species O2− radicals on N-doped TiO2. The synergistic effect of oxygen vacancies and doped nitrogen species contributes to the enhancement of photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2 samples, but the formed Ti3+ ions largely suppress the photocatalytic activity.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (116 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2 is greatly improved by simple H2 reduction. ► H2 reduction creates oxygen vacancies and Ti3+ ions but without removal of N dopants. ► The formed Ti3+ ions largely suppress the photocatalytic activity. ► A synergistic effect of N dopant and oxygen vacancy explains the enhanced activity.

Keywords
N-doped TiO2; H2 reduction; Oxygen vacancies; Synergistic effect; Ethylene photooxidation
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Controlling the synergistic effect of oxygen vacancies and N dopants to enhance photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2 by H2 reduction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 425–426, 28 May 2012, Pages 117–124
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us