Effect of support materials on platinum lattice strain and its oxygen reduction activity
The oxygen reduction activities of sputter-deposited platinum (Pt) thin films of various thicknesses on amorphous carbon (a-C), tungsten oxide (WO3), and titanium oxide (TiO2) were examined to investigate the effect of the support materials. An X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the Pt lattice constant clearly increased with decreasing Pt thickness on the a-C, while it did not change on the WO3 and TiO2. The oxygen reduction activity of the catalysts was measured electrochemically in 0.5 mol/L sulfuric acid at 308 K. The measurements showed that the activity of Pt/a-C catalysts decreased with the Pt thickness. However, decrease of activity was not observed in the Pt/WO3 and Pt/TiO2 catalysts. The correlation between catalytic activity and Pt lattice strain was obtained from these results; Pt lattice expansion, which was observed on the a-C support, resulted in the decrease of catalytic activity for an oxygen reduction reaction. The metal-oxide support, such as the WO3 and TiO2, suppresses the Pt lattice expansion and maintains the Pt catalytic activity in the case of decreasing Pt thickness compared to the a-C support.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (143 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Oxygen reduction activity of Pt films was examined. ► Pt films were deposited on amorphous carbon (a-C), WO3, and TiO2. ► Activity of Pt/a-C decreased with Pt thickness, while that of metal oxides did not. ► Activity of catalysts correlated with Pt lattice strain caused by support materials. ► Pt lattice expansion resulted in decrease of catalytic activity.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 427–428, 15 June 2012, Pages 92–97