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Effect of extra-framework cesium on the deoxygenation of methylester over CsNaX zeolites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41059 45876 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Effect of extra-framework cesium on the deoxygenation of methylester over CsNaX zeolites
Abstract

The deoxygenation of methyl octanoate has been investigated over Cs-containing NaX zeolite catalysts at atmospheric pressure with He carrier gas and methanol as a co-feed. By varying the preparation procedures, different amounts of extra-framework Cs were left on the catalyst. The presence of extra-framework Cs affects the acid–basic characteristics of the catalysts and consequently their activity, stability, and particularly the product selectivity. That is, when the amount of extra-framework Cs increases, the corresponding increase in basicity enhances decarbonylation activity as well as catalyst stability. In this case, the deoxygenation of methyl octanoate on CsNaX catalysts was found to yield heptenes and hexenes as main products via surface decomposition of octanoate-like species. When the amount of extra-framework Cs was reduced, the hexene yield readily increased. The enhancement in hexene production can be ascribed to both, a decreased basicity that reduces decarbonylation and to a greater space available within the zeolite cavity for formation of a rather bulky cyclic-like intermediate that leads to hexene. In addition, weakly acidic sites, generated after the excess Cs was removed, resulted in relatively higher yield of inner-olefin product. When Cs was not present in the catalyst (i.e., NaX), other products such as aromatics and coupling compounds were observed. These compounds are less desirable for transportation fuel applications.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (121 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Methyl octanoate, a model FAME, can be effectively converted without added H2 over CsNaX. ► Decarbonylation and deacetalization yield heptenes and hexenes as main products. ► Basicity generated by extra-framework Cs determines product selectivity. ► Without Cs, decarbonylation is quickly lost and undesired products are obtained.

Keywords
Deoxygenation; Decarbonylation; Methylesters; Biofuels; CsNaX; Basicity; Cesium
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Effect of extra-framework cesium on the deoxygenation of methylester over CsNaX zeolites
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 409–410, 15 December 2011, Pages 74–81
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us