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Dimethyl ether steam reforming under daily start-up and shut-down (DSS)-like operation over CuFe2O4 spinel and alumina composite catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41062 45876 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Dimethyl ether steam reforming under daily start-up and shut-down (DSS)-like operation over CuFe2O4 spinel and alumina composite catalysts
Abstract

The durability of the CuFe2O4 spinel and γ-Al2O3 composite catalysts for steam reforming of dimethyl ether (DME) was evaluated at 375 °C for 120 h under the daily start-up and shut-down (DSS) operation. No degradation could be observed for the catalyst subjected to the cooling–heating process in O2 atmosphere. On the other hand, the catalyst performance was significantly degraded by the cooling–heating process in steam atmosphere due to the deactivation of the acid sites on γ-Al2O3 for DME hydrolysis reaction, leading to the loss of DME steam reforming activity. The higher amount of coke formation was also observed over the catalysts exposed to steam during the cooling–heating process, as compared with the catalysts exposed to O2 or without DSS operation. The degraded catalyst could be recovered by the heat treatment in air at 375 °C, since the active sites of γ-Al2O3 were regenerated and the coke deposits were removed. Interestingly, the catalytic activity of the regenerated catalysts for methanol steam reforming was higher than the fresh one because of an increase in the metal surface area of Cu species after the regeneration treatment.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (187 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The Cu-Fe spinel and γ-alumina composite catalyst was prepared by mechanical mixing. ► The catalyst stability for DME SR under DSS-like operation was evaluated. ► No degradation was observed after the cooling–heating process in O2 atmosphere. ► The catalyst was degraded by cooling–heating process in steam atmosphere.

Keywords
Steam reforming; Dimethyl ether; CuFe2O4 spinel-type oxide; DSS operation; Regeneration
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Dimethyl ether steam reforming under daily start-up and shut-down (DSS)-like operation over CuFe2O4 spinel and alumina composite catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 409–410, 15 December 2011, Pages 91–98
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us