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Direct conversion of glycerol to acrylic acid via integrated dehydration–oxidation bed system

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41099 45877 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Direct conversion of glycerol to acrylic acid via integrated dehydration–oxidation bed system
Abstract

Acrylic acid can be successfully produced in a single reactor via subsequent oxidation of the glycerol-dehydrated products. Selective dehydration of glycerol to acrolein was studied at 275–400 °C over HZSM-5, HBeta, HMordenite and HY. The V–Mo oxides (15–70 mol%V) on silicic acid support (20–100 wt% mixed oxides loading) were then included as a second bed for subsequent oxidation of the dehydrated products. Over the acid zeolites, acrolein and acetol are mainly generated, together with acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde, pyruvaldehyde and other oxygenates as secondary products. A complete conversion of glycerol with high selectivity to acrolein (up to 81 mol%) can be obtained when medium pore zeolites (HZSM-5) and low glycerol concentration (10–30 wt%) was used at 300 °C. A separated-sequential bed system provides high selectivity for acrylic acid with small amount of acetic acid and acetaldehyde (∼15 mol%). The catalyst with high V content promotes total oxidation of the dehydrated products to CO while that with highly dispersed V–Mo–O phases affords 98% selectivity to acrylic acid with 48% acrolein conversion.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (82 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Over HZSM-5, glycerol dehydrated to acrolein then oxidized to acrylic acid over VMoOx. ► Complete glycerol conversion required over HZSM-5 to avoid decomposition over VMoOx. ► Selective oxidation obtained over highly dispersed VMoOx with <20 mol%V content ► Acrylic acid selectivity in 2nd bed, determined by acrolein selectivity in 1st bed. ► Diluted feed (<30%) at 300 °C, 0.2 atm O2 provides optimal dehydration–oxidation.

Keywords
Glycerol; Acrolein; Acrylic acid; HZSM-5; Vanadium–molybdenum oxides; Dehydration; Oxidation
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Direct conversion of glycerol to acrylic acid via integrated dehydration–oxidation bed system
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 413–414, 31 January 2012, Pages 109–116
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us