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Mesoporous nitrogen doped nano titania—A green photocatalyst for the effective reductive cleavage of azoxybenzenes to amines or 2-phenyl indazoles in methanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41111 45877 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Mesoporous nitrogen doped nano titania—A green photocatalyst for the effective reductive cleavage of azoxybenzenes to amines or 2-phenyl indazoles in methanol
Abstract

A new nitrogen precursor, hydrazine hydrate was used in the synthesis of nano-sized, N-doped TiO2 photocatalyst by a simple wet impregnation method. This photocatalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), High resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM), UV–vis diffuses reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence (PL) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XRD patterns show that the crystal structure of N-TiO2 resembles anatase phase of TiO2. The UV–vis spectra indicate an increase in absorption of visible light when compared to TiO2. Furthermore XPS analysis reveals the presence of the N atom as O–Ti–N linkage substituting the O atom in the TiO2 lattice and this causes a decrease in oxygen vacancies. N-TiO2 nanoparticles were used as a green and recyclable heterogeneous photocatalyst for rapid and efficient reductive cleavage of azoxybenzene into their corresponding amines or 2-phenylindazoles with methanol at room temperature under N2 atmosphere. Azoxybenzenes in neat methanol afforded anilines, while in aqueous methanol (20% water–80% methanol) they formed corresponding 2-phenyl indazoles. In both reductive cleavages, nano N-TiO2 is more effective than prepared TiO2, showing that the nitrogen doping could be an excellent choice to improve the photoactivity of TiO2.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (116 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► High surface area N-doped TiO2 was synthesized by a simple wet impregnation method. ► N-TiO2 is used for cleavage of azoxybenzenes into amines or 2-phenylindazoles. ► In both conversions, mesoporous N-TiO2 is more effective than prepared TiO2. ► Our reaction conditions provide selective conversion of anilines. ► Easy product isolation and catalyst reusability make this reaction eco-friendly.

Keywords
Azoxybenzene; Aniline; 2-Phenylindazole; Photocatalytic cyclization; N-TiO2; Reductive cleavage
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Mesoporous nitrogen doped nano titania—A green photocatalyst for the effective reductive cleavage of azoxybenzenes to amines or 2-phenyl indazoles in methanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 413–414, 31 January 2012, Pages 213–222
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us