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Effect of varying reflux durations on the physico-chemical and catalytic performance of vanadium phosphate catalysts synthesized via vanadyl hydrogen phosphate sesquihydrate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41139 45878 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Effect of varying reflux durations on the physico-chemical and catalytic performance of vanadium phosphate catalysts synthesized via vanadyl hydrogen phosphate sesquihydrate
Abstract

A series of vanadyl pyrophosphate, (VO)2P2O7, catalysts prepared via vanadyl hydrogen phosphate sesquihydrate precursors (VOHPO4·1.5H2O) was calcined in a reaction flow of 0.75% n-butane in air mixture at 733 K for 18 h. The precursors have been synthesized by refluxing vanadyl phosphate dihydrate (VOPO4·2H2O) with 1-butanol for different lengths of time, i.e. 8, 15 and 24 h, and the produced catalysts were denoted as VPOs-R8, VPOs-R15 and VPOs-R24, respectively. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of the three catalysts showed similar diffraction pattern, comprised of a well-crystallized (VO)2P2O7 phase. Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area measurements showed that VPOs-R24 has the highest specific surface area, i.e. 31 m2 g−1 followed by 27 m2 g−1 and 19 m2 g−1 for VPOs-R15 and VPOs-R8, respectively. Inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analyses indicated that the P/V atomic ratios of these catalysts were in the optimum range in producing (VO)2P2O7 phase. A small increment in the average oxidation number of the vanadium was observed as the precursor reflux duration increased. Scanning electron microscope showed the secondary structures of the catalysts with plate-like crystals in different sizes, which were agglomerated into rosette-shape clusters. The total amount of oxygen desorbed from the catalysts increased as the precursor reflux duration increased. Temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) in H2 profiles of all the catalysts gave three reduction peaks. VPOs-R8 gave the highest total amount of oxygen removed from V5+/V4+ phase followed by VPOs-R15 and VPOs-R24. Catalytic tests revealed that the catalyst with lower precursor reflux duration exhibited higher selectivity but lower activity and vice versa.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (80 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Specific surface area is directly proportional to precursor reflux duration. ► Lower reflux duration induced higher selectivity but lower activity on the catalysts. ► More lattice oxygen can be removed for the shortest precursor reflux duration.

Keywords
Vanadyl hydrogen phosphate sesquihydrate precursor; Vanadyl pyrophosphate; Selective oxidation; Maleic anhydride
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Effect of varying reflux durations on the physico-chemical and catalytic performance of vanadium phosphate catalysts synthesized via vanadyl hydrogen phosphate sesquihydrate
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 415–416, 16 February 2012, Pages 53–58
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us