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Sulfur promoted Pt/SiO2 catalyzed cross-coupling of anilines and amines

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41158 45879 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Sulfur promoted Pt/SiO2 catalyzed cross-coupling of anilines and amines
Abstract

Pt/SiO2 (Pt = 5 wt%) catalysts with average Pt particle size of 3.3 and 6.8 nm and sulfur-loaded Pt/SiO2 (S/Pt ratio = 0.1 and 0.13; Pt size = 5.2 and 5.5 nm), prepared by adding ammonium sulfate on Pt/SiO2 followed by H2-reduction at 500 °C, are tested for mono-N-alkylation of aniline with di-iso-propylamine. The turnover frequency (TOF), defined as the reaction rate per number of surface Pt species, increases with sulfur loading. The catalyst with S/Pt ratio of 0.13 shows more than 5 times higher TOF than unmodified catalysts, and it acts as effective and recyclable catalyst for cross-coupling of various anilines and amines. Combined with kinetic results and characterizations, XAFS (X-ray absorption fine structure), TEM, and CO adsorption IR, a possible reason for the promotion effect of sulfur species (probably sulfidic species) is discussed.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (109 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► S-loading enhances the TOF of Pt/SiO2 by a factor of more than 5. ► Effective for cross-coupling reactions of various anilines and amines. ► Higher TOF than previous heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts in the literature.

Keywords
Amines; Cross-coupling; Platinum; Sulfur
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Sulfur promoted Pt/SiO2 catalyzed cross-coupling of anilines and amines
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 417–418, 29 February 2012, Pages 37–42
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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