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Correlation patterns and effect of syngas conversion level for product selectivity to alcohols and hydrocarbons over molybdenum sulfide based catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41168 45879 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Correlation patterns and effect of syngas conversion level for product selectivity to alcohols and hydrocarbons over molybdenum sulfide based catalysts
Abstract

The focus of the present study was to investigate the effect of the operation conditions, space velocity and temperature, on product distribution for a K–Ni–MoS2 catalyst for mixed alcohol synthesis from syngas. All experiments were performed at 91 bar pressure and constant H2/CO = 1 syngas feed ratio. For comparison, results from a non-promoted MoS2 catalyst are presented. It was found that the CO conversion level for the K–Ni–MoS2 catalyst very much decides the alcohol and hydrocarbon selectivities. Increased CO conversion by means of increased temperature (tested between 330 and 370 °C) or decreased space velocity (tested between 2400 and 18,000 ml/(gcat h)), both have the same effect on the product distribution with decreased alcohol selectivity and increased hydrocarbon selectivity. Increased CO conversion also leads to a greater long-to-short alcohol chain ratio. This indicates that shorter alcohols are building blocks for longer alcohols and that those alcohols can be converted to hydrocarbons by secondary reactions. At high temperature (370 °C) and low space velocity (2400 ml/(gcat h)) the selectivity to isobutanol is much greater than previously reported (9%C). The promoted catalyst (K–Ni–MoS2) is also compared to a non-promoted (MoS2) catalyst; the promoted catalyst has quite high alcohol selectivity, while almost only hydrocarbons are produced with the non-promoted catalyst. Another essential difference between the two catalysts is that the paraffin to olefin ratio within the hydrocarbon group is significantly different. For the non-promoted catalyst virtually no olefins are produced, only paraffins, while the promoted catalyst produces approximately equal amounts of C2–C6 olefins and paraffins. Indications of olefins being produced by dehydration of alcohols were found. The selectivity to other non-alcohol oxygenates (mostly short esters and aldehydes) is between 5 and 10%C and varies little with space velocity but decreases slightly with increased temperature. Very strong correlation patterns (identical chain growth probability) and identical deviations under certain reaction conditions between aldehyde and alcohol selectivities (for the same carbon chain length) indicate that they derive from the same intermediate. Also olefin selectivity is correlated to alcohol selectivity, but the correlation is not as strong as between aldehydes and alcohols. The selectivity to an ester is correlated to the selectivity to the two corresponding alcohols, in the same way as an ester can be thought of as built from two alcohol chains put together (with some H2 removed). This means that, e.g. methyl acetate selectivity (C3) is correlated to the combination of methanol (C1) and ethanol (C2) selectivities.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (164 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► K–Ni–MoS2 and MoS2 catalysts for higher alcohol and hydrocarbons synthesis from syngas. ► The effect of space velocity and temperature on products selectivity was tested. ► Correlation between CO conversion and selectivity to alcohols and hydrocarbons. ► Correlation between aldehyde, alcohol and olefin selectivities. ► Correlation between alcohol chain lengths and ester chain lengths.

Keywords
Syngas; Higher alcohols; MoS2; Synthetic fuels
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Correlation patterns and effect of syngas conversion level for product selectivity to alcohols and hydrocarbons over molybdenum sulfide based catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 417–418, 29 February 2012, Pages 119–128
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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