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Effect of oxide support surface area on hydrogenation activity: Pt/Ni bimetallic catalysts supported on low and high surface area Al2O3 and ZrO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41202 45880 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Effect of oxide support surface area on hydrogenation activity: Pt/Ni bimetallic catalysts supported on low and high surface area Al2O3 and ZrO2
Abstract

Catalyst characterization and batch reactor studies have been performed to better understand the effects of oxide support and support surface area on low-temperature 1,3-butadiene hydrogenation over supported PtNi bimetallic catalysts. The supports studied in this work are: α-Al2O3 (10–16 m2/g), γ-Al2O3 (80–120 m2/g), low surface area ZrO2 (20–30 m2/g), and high surface area ZrO2 (100–200 m2/g). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) were used to characterize the particle size and the extent of Pt–Ni bimetallic bond formation, respectively. The bimetallic catalysts supported on the two low surface area supports show larger metal nanoparticles; however, these catalysts also display greater extent of bimetallic bond formation, as characterized by the Pt LIII-edge EXAFS. After normalizing the hydrogenation rate constants for the two alumina-supported catalysts by the CO uptake values, the two rate constants appear very similar, suggesting that the bimetallic nanoparticles have similar structures on the alumina supports. In contrast, normalizing the hydrogenation rate constants for the two zirconia catalysts reveals that the catalyst supported on the high surface area zirconia is approximately twenty times less active, suggesting a strong metal-support interaction (SMSI) between the metal nanoparticles and the high surface area zirconia support.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (98 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Low-temperature 1,3-butadiene hydrogenation occurs on PtNi bimetallic catalysts supported on Al2O3 and ZrO2. ► Nature of oxide support influences hydrogenation activity. ► PtNi/HSA-ZrO2 is twenty times less active than PtNi/LSA-ZrO2. ► Characterization suggests low activity on PtNi/HSA-ZrO2 may be due to the SMSI effect.

Keywords
PtNi bimetallic catalysts; Hydrogenation; 1,3-Butadiene; Catalyst support effects
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Effect of oxide support surface area on hydrogenation activity: Pt/Ni bimetallic catalysts supported on low and high surface area Al2O3 and ZrO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 408, Issues 1–2, 28 November 2011, Pages 87–95
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us