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Mesoporous sulfated zirconia mediated acetalization reactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41243 45882 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Mesoporous sulfated zirconia mediated acetalization reactions
Abstract

A novel, convenient, one step synthetic procedure for the synthesis of mesoporous sulfated zirconia (m-SZ) using zirconium carbonate complex and its use as solid acid catalyst for the acetalization of different carbonyl compound is reported. The high specific BET surface area (234 m2 g−1) of m-SZ is achieved after the removal of the surfactant (cetyltrymethylammonium bromide, CTAB) through calcination at 550 °C for 6 h. Microscopic analysis indicated the presence of spherical particles with worm like pores. DRIFT (diffuse reflectance FTIR) of pyridine adsorbed m-SZ and NH3-TPD (temperature programmed desorption) analysis suggested the presence of appreciable amount of Brönsted acid sites. The synthesized m-SZ showed high catalytic activity towards protection of carbonyl compounds through acetal/ketal formation. For the open ketal (from cyclohexanone and methanol) 97% conversion with 100% selectivity was obtained in 1 h at room temperature under solvent free condition. The catalyst can be easily recycled after separation from the reaction system without considerable loss in catalytic activity.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (199 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Synthesis of mesoporous sulfated zirconia (m-SZ) with high specific surface area. ► Strong and high amount of acid sites are present. ► Highly active towards acetalization reactions. ► 97% yield of dimethyl ketal of cyclohexanone was obtained using methanol in 45 min. ► m-SZ is easily recoverable from reaction system and can reuse for at least 5 times.

Keywords
Acetalization reaction; Solid acid catalyst; Mesoporous sulfated zirconia
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 402, Issues 1–2, 31 July 2011, Pages 87–93
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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