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Doping effects of Ni–MgO on the structure and performance of carbon nanotube-supported Pt catalysts for preferential oxidation of CO in a H2 stream

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41253 45882 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Doping effects of Ni–MgO on the structure and performance of carbon nanotube-supported Pt catalysts for preferential oxidation of CO in a H2 stream
Abstract

The preferential oxidation of CO (CO-PROX) in a H2-rich stream is performed on a series of supported Pt catalysts doped with Ni–MgO. The characterizations of the catalysts by means of in situ X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and scanning transmission electron microscopy–energy dispersive spectroscopy reveal that the nanocomposites of Pt–Ni alloys that intimately adjoined Ni–MgO solid solution are present on the surfaces of carbon nanotube (CNT). However, the Pt–Ni alloying is hardly detected when the same compositions are supported on other carriers like active carbon, graphite, TiO2, SiO2 and Al2O3 followed by identical treatment. The CNT-supported Pt0.3Ni1.0Mg2.4 (Pt0.3Ni1.0Mg2.5/CNT, the data at subscript stand for the Pt/Ni/Mg atomic ratio) catalyst with overall metal loading of 15 wt% affords 100% CO conversion and 50% O2 selectivity in H2 at temperatures ranging from 333 to 453 K, whereas the CNT-supported Pt catalyst and the other carriers-supported Pt0.3Ni1.0Mg2.4 ones perform very low or insufficient activities under the same reaction conditions. Further, the Pt0.3Ni1.0Mg2.4/CNT catalyst with a mean Pt–Ni particle size about 7.3 nm shows negligible drop in CO-PROX performance at 373 K for longer than 40 h on the streams either with or without H2O vapor and CO2. The deactivation of the catalyst is largely due to the accumulation of H2O/OH− species and carbonates, which can be removed by calcination and reduction to get the regeneration of the CO-PROX performance as a result. The high performance of the catalysts is ascribed to the interaction between Pt and Ni with the formation of Pt–Ni alloy which is strongly interacted with Ni–MgO solid solution.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (186 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Pt–Ni alloy adjoined by Ni–MgO solid solution is formed on CNT surface. ► Pt–Ni–Mg/CNT catalyst can completely remove CO in a H2 stream at 333–453 K. ► CO-PROX reaction can be performed in a H2 stream containing CO2 and H2O vapor. ► Particle size of Pt–Ni alloy influences the CO-PROX performance. ► Deactivated catalyst is recoverable by heat treatment and reduction at higher temperature.

Keywords
Ni–MgO; Carbon nanotube; Pt catalyst; Pt–Ni alloy; Preferential oxidation of CO
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Doping effects of Ni–MgO on the structure and performance of carbon nanotube-supported Pt catalysts for preferential oxidation of CO in a H2 stream
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 402, Issues 1–2, 31 July 2011, Pages 168–175
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us