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Parametric study of methane steam reforming to syngas in a catalytic microchannel reactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41276 45883 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Parametric study of methane steam reforming to syngas in a catalytic microchannel reactor
Abstract

The aim of this work is the parametric investigation of methane steam reforming (MSR) to synthesis gas (syngas, CO + H2) in a wall-coated catalytic microchannel reactor. Methane conversion and CO selectivity on coated Rh, Ru, Pt and Ni catalysts, all supported on Al2O3, are compared in the parameter ranges of 12.86–77.14 ms residence time, 600–800 °C temperature and 0.5–3.0 M steam-to-carbon ratio at the reactor inlet. Among the active metals, Rh is the best one in terms of both methane conversion and productivity (rate of methane consumption per weight of catalyst). Productivity decreases in the order of Rh > Ru > Pt ≈ Ni. For all catalysts, conversion increases with residence time, temperature and steam-to-carbon ratio. CO selectivity is highest in all cases on Rh, and increases with increasing temperature and decreasing steam-to-carbon ratio. However, in the range of residence times considered, a maximum CO selectivity for each catalyst is encountered where the water–gas shift equilibrium becomes significant, and converts more of the CO produced by MSR to CO2. Time-on-stream runs conducted on Rh and Ni show that the former has excellent chemical and mechanical stability for 72 h even at extreme conditions such as steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.5 and residence time of 12.86 ms. Activity of Ni starts to decrease after 20 h even though it is operated at a steam-to-carbon ratio of 3.0. Comparative tests conducted between microchannel and packed-bed reactors show that the former outperforms the packed bed in terms of productivity and CO selectivity.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (115 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Microchannel reactor is more productive and CO selective than packed bed. ► Near equilibrium CO selectivity is obtained for Rh at ∼50 ms residence time. ► Rh-coated catalyst has superior chemical activity and mechanical stability. ► Microchannel reactor enables selectivity control by allowing short contact times.

Keywords
Methane; Microchannel reactor; Steam reforming; Syngas; Wall-coated catalyst
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Parametric study of methane steam reforming to syngas in a catalytic microchannel reactor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volumes 411–412, 16 January 2012, Pages 114–122
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us