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Toluene decomposition using silver vanadate/SBA-15 photocatalysts: DRIFTS study of surface chemistry and recyclability

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41313 45884 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Toluene decomposition using silver vanadate/SBA-15 photocatalysts: DRIFTS study of surface chemistry and recyclability
Abstract

Silver vanadate (SVO) containing SBA-15 visible-light-driven photocatalyst was synthesized using the incipient wetness impregnation procedure. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results reveal that the SVO/SBA-15 powders consisted of three kinds of phase: pure Ag4V2O7 or pure α-Ag3VO4 or mixed phases of Ag4V2O7 and α-Ag3VO4. The mass spectra indicate that the main oxidation intermediate of toluene is benzaldehyde. The sample loaded with 51 wt% SVO (51SVO/SBA-15) exhibited the best photocatalytic activity. The results of two consecutive cyclic runs and regeneration indicate that the accumulation of benzaldehyde causes an irreversible deactivation of P25, but no deactivation of 51SVO/SBA-15. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of 51SVO/SBA-15 is attributed to mixed crystalline phases of Ag4V2O7 and α-Ag3VO4, where α-Ag3VO4 is the major component. In situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) confirms the presence of Brønsted and Lewis acids on the SVO/SBA-15 composites. A favorable crystalline phase combined with high intensities of Brønsted and Lewis acids is considered the main cause of the enhanced adsorption capacity, outstanding photoactivity, and long term stability of the SVO/SBA-15 composites.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (94 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► SVO/SBA-15 composite was synthesized using a wetness impregnation procedure. ► SVO/SBA-15 has a much higher photodegradation ability than those of P25 and SVO. ► The mass spectra prove the main oxidation intermediate of toluene is benzaldehyde. ► A favorable crystalline phase, Brønsted, and Lewis acids are responsible for photoactivity.

Keywords
SBA-15; Visible-light-driven photocatalyst; Toluene photo-oxidation; Brønsted and Lewis acids
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 407, Issues 1–2, 4 November 2011, Pages 224–230
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us