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Performance and regeneration studies of Pd–Ag/Al2O3 catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of acetylene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41319 45885 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Performance and regeneration studies of Pd–Ag/Al2O3 catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of acetylene
Abstract

The selective hydrogenation of acetylene is one process to remove traces of acetylene from steam cracker cuts during the production of ethylene. Current disadvantages of commercially used Pd–Ag/Al2O3 catalysts applied in the C2-tail end-selective hydrogenation are relative short cycle time (fast deactivation) caused by green oil formation and deposition of coke. Long-term tests were performed in a laboratory reactor under typical industrial conditions to investigate the deactivation of those catalysts. It was found that the Pd–Ag/Al2O3 catalyst with the highest long-term stability contains a Ag/Pd-ratio in the bulk of 0.41 and the lowest concentration of silver. This low silver amount causes a higher dilution of the palladium surface area than the higher silver amount within the investigated catalysts. This was indicated by CO chemisorption experiments, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electron probe micro analysis (EPMA), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) and through the investigation of hydrocarbons deposited on the catalyst surface. The same catalyst sample was subsequently regenerated and tested in the laboratory reactor with respect to its long-term stability. The regenerated samples have the same long-term stability as the fresh sample if the regeneration procedure includes a hydrogen treatment.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (159 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Deactivation of Pd–Ag/Al2O3 catalysts were studied under tail end conditions of C2H2 hydrogenation. ► The catalyst with the highest long-term stability contains the lowest Ag amount. ► Catalyst regeneration must include a H2 treatment.

Keywords
Acetylene hydrogenation; Ethylene; Palladium; Silver; Alumina; Egg shell catalyst; CO chemisorption; TEM; EPMA; XPS
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Performance and regeneration studies of Pd–Ag/Al2O3 catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of acetylene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 400, Issues 1–2, 30 June 2011, Pages 14–24
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us