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Photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in a fluidized bed photoreactor with composite template-free TiO2 photocatalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41366 45886 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in a fluidized bed photoreactor with composite template-free TiO2 photocatalyst
Abstract

The herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was degraded in a photocatalytic fluidized bed reactor with template-free TiO2 photocatalytic spheres in the presence of UV irradiation at 254 nm. The photocatalyst was prepared by binding together pre-calcined commercial TiO2 particles (Degussa P-25) in an aqueous sol of TiO2 nanoparticles (composite sol–gel) by the assistance of a polymeric matrix. The photocatalytic spheres had a considerable degree of consistency in their size and shape. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and BET specific surface area were used to characterize the photocatalyst. The effects of the initial contaminant concentration, its adsorption on photocatalyst surface, and the fluence rate on the herbicide degradation were studied. 2,4-D showed significant adsorption on the composite TiO2 spheres. Depending on the initial concentration of 2,4-D, between 50% and 70% was adsorbed on TiO2 spheres. In all the cases, adsorption equilibrium was reached within 75 min of contact in the fluidized bed reactor with the UV lamps off. After the UV lamps were turned on, 2,4-D was completely degraded within 45 min of irradiation with a fluence rate of 4.16 mW cm−2. Experimental results were fitted with a simplified kinetic model that takes into account the initial concentration of 2,4-D and the fluence rate. A comparison of photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-D with commercial particulate TiO2 (Degussa P-25) showed that the composite spheres have a photocatalytic activity 26% higher than that obtained with Degussa P-25. The TiO2 spheres were mechanically robust and demonstrated a high attrition resistance with only 0.014% of TiO2 released from the spheres due to attrition after 3 h of continuous operation.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (105 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Stable composite TiO2 spheres were developed for use in fluidized bed photoreactors. ► Efficacy of the TiO2 photocatalytic spheres was evaluated through well controlled experiments. ► Effect of concentration and UV fluence rate on contaminant degradation was studied. ► Performance of the TiO2 spheres were compared against that of TiO2 Degussa P-25. ► The photocatalyst showed high efficiency, stability, and high resistance to attrition.

Keywords
Composite TiO2 spheres; Photocatalyst; Fluidized bed reactor; 2,4-D; Fluence rate
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Photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in a fluidized bed photoreactor with composite template-free TiO2 photocatalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 405, Issues 1–2, 3 October 2011, Pages 120–128
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us