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Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of Bi-doped TiO2 photocatalysts under simulated solar irradiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41382 45887 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of Bi-doped TiO2 photocatalysts under simulated solar irradiation
Abstract

A series of Bi3+-doped TiO2 catalysts with a doping concentration up to 2 wt% were prepared by a sol–gel hydrothermal method. The prepared photocatalysts were characterized by different techniques to determine their structure, morphology and light absorption properties. The activities were evaluated in the photocatalytic oxidation of phenol in aqueous solution under UV–vis illumination. The experimental results indicate that the presence of Bi3+ in TiO2 catalysts enhances the photocatalytic reaction of phenol degradation, although the efficiency of the process markedly depends on the nominal content of the Bi3+ and on the calcination temperature. It was found that the optimal dosage of 0.5 wt% Bi3+ in TiO2 and calcinations at 600 °C 4 h achieved the fastest reaction of phenol degradation under the experimental conditions. From the comparison of the initial rates of the photocatalytic degradation of phenol between home prepared undoped and Bi3+-doped TiO2 with commercial TiO2 Degussa P25, it can be inferred that home prepared TiO2 calcined at temperatures above 500 °C clearly exceed the photocatalytic performance of P25. When bismuth is incorporated, the reaction rate values are even higher, especially at 600 °C. Even when Bi3+-doped TiO2 (0.5 wt% Bi3+) calcined at 600 °C has almost the same BET surface than P25, its activity is better. In particular, the reaction rate for the sample with a 0.5% mass content of Bi3+ calcined at 600 °C not only present higher value with respect to the other series but also a degree of mineralization close to 100%.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (133 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Bismuth doped TiO2 (BTO-x) was obtained by sol–gel and hydrothermal synthesis. ► Hydrothermal treatment has a clear positive influence on bismuth doping. ► Bi3+ content and calcination temperature are important parameters on photoactivity. ► BTOh-0.5 was very effective in phenol photocatalytic mineralization. ► Bi-doped TiO2 showed higher photoactivity than P25 under sunlike irradiation.

Keywords
Bismuth-doping; Titanium dioxide; Bi–TiO2; Phenol degradation; Photocatalysis
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Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of Bi-doped TiO2 photocatalysts under simulated solar irradiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 404, Issues 1–2, 19 September 2011, Pages 59–67
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us