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Highly filled clay polypropylene nanocomposites prepared by in situ polymerization with clay-supported magnesium/titanium catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41402 45888 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Highly filled clay polypropylene nanocomposites prepared by in situ polymerization with clay-supported magnesium/titanium catalysts
Abstract

Ziegler-Natta catalysts based on TiCl4 supported on clay/MgCl2 were obtained and tested in propylene polymerization. Two types of clay: the sodium clay Gelmax 400 and the organophylic one Cloisite 30B were employed. The catalysts preparation involved the treatment of the clays with an alcohol adduct of MgCl2 followed by treatments with TiCl4 and triethylaluminium (dealcoholation), optionally using ethyl benzoate as internal electron donor. The catalyst performance showed to be markedly influenced by the clay type and synthesis conditions. Dealcoholation was the main factor that affected the catalyst activity. Impregnation of clay/MgCl2 supports with Ti generated catalysts with about 5 wt.% of titanium and crystalline structure with different families of lamellar structures, evidenced by low intensity peaks at different (0 0 1) plane 2θ position in the X-ray diffraction curves of the clay-supported catalysts. The catalysts were used in the polymerization of propylene producing polypropylenes with significant isotacticity and crystallinity. Among the catalysts, that prepared using the sodium clay as support without internal donor showed the higher catalytic activity (6433 g PP/g Ti). Due to different catalyst activity, polypropylenes with different contents of clay were obtained. The residual clay acts as filler, PP nanocomposites, were obtained by this in situ method, some of them highly filled. The degradation behavior of these highly filled nanocomposites was highly improved with increasing of the on set and maximum degradation temperatures in the range of 200 °C. The shape of the polymer particles was very similar to those of catalyst particles due to the replica phenomenon, also observed for these catalyst systems.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (118 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Clay/MgCl2/TiCl4 catalysts generated i-PP nanocomposites by in situ polymerization. ► High crystalline PP was obtained even when the organophylic clay was used as support. ► Highly clay filled PP nanocomposites had about 200 °C higher degradation temperatures.

Keywords
Clay supported catalyst; In situ polymerization; Nanocomposites; Polypropylene
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Highly filled clay polypropylene nanocomposites prepared by in situ polymerization with clay-supported magnesium/titanium catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 403, Issues 1–2, 22 August 2011, Pages 48–57
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us