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Diesel soot and NOx abatement on K/La2O3 catalyst: Influence of K precursor on soot combustion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41441 45889 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Diesel soot and NOx abatement on K/La2O3 catalyst: Influence of K precursor on soot combustion
Abstract

Soot particles and NOx are the main pollutants emitted by diesel engines. The K/La2O3 catalyst is active for soot combustion and it is able to adsorb NOx; therefore, it could work as NOx trap. In this work, the effect of the chemical state of K on the catalytic activity is addressed. Both, the influence of the precursor used in the preparation and the effect of NO in the gas phase, are studied. Potassium nitrate, carbonate, and hydroxide were used to prepare the K/La2O3 catalysts. The catalytic activity for soot combustion was studied by TPO. XRD and FTIR were used to characterize the different crystalline phases found in the catalyst. Pulses of CO2 and CO2-TPD were useful to understand the effect of each precursor on the catalytic activity. The analysis of CO2 adsorption–desorption dynamics made it possible to determine that the strength of the interaction between this molecule and the catalyst depends on the K precursor, and follows the order: KOH > KNO3 > K2CO3. The presence of La(OH)3 leads to a strong and irreversible interaction between the catalyst and the CO2, while the interaction is reversible with the dehydroxilated catalyst. The shape of the TPO profiles is related to the basicity of the surface, which according to the dynamics of the CO2 adsorption–desorption is significantly affected by the potassium precursor used during the preparation, the thermal treatment, and the treatment with gases normally found in the diesel exhaust, such as the NO.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (137 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The effect of the surface composition of K/La2O3 catalysts on the soot combustion rate is addressed. ► The basicity of the surface is affected by the chemical state of K. ► The basicity of the surface decreases in the order: KOH > KNO3 > K2CO3. ► The interaction between the catalyst and the CO2 is stronger at higher basicity, and this leads to an irreversible CO2 adsorption.

Keywords
Diesel soot; Potassium precursor; Lanthanum
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 399, Issues 1–2, 31 May 2011, Pages 161–171
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us