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Effect of Co-content on the structure and activity of Co–Al hydrotalcite-like materials as catalyst precursors for CO oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41451 45889 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Effect of Co-content on the structure and activity of Co–Al hydrotalcite-like materials as catalyst precursors for CO oxidation
Abstract

The present investigation was undertaken in an endeavor to study the effect of the cobalt content on the structure and activity of Co–Al hydrotalcite-like materials as catalyst precursors for CO oxidation by varying the Co2+/Al3+ atomic ratio, thermal treatment of the samples and the reaction temperature. The samples (Co2+/Al3+ = 0.5, 1.5, 3.0) have been synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The unsupported Co3O4 has been prepared according to the same procedure as the reference compound in order to reveal the role of Al3+ ions presence.The physicochemical characterization of the uncalcined, hydrothermally treated, calcined and tested samples has been accomplished appropriately by ICP-AES, N2 adsorption, Powder X-ray diffraction technique and Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy and H2-TPR measurements.The samples were examined by a number of heating–cooling cycles during the activity tests as a procedure to screen the most active catalyst precursor. It was established that the hydrotalcite-like structure of all uncalcined samples had been completely destroyed during the CO oxidation reaction. A concomitant phase transformation into poorly crystallized spinel-type Co2+(Co3+,Al3+)2O4 mixed oxide occurred. This spinel-like mixed oxide phase is better organized in all samples after their calcination at 500 °C. The TPR examinations reveal concomitant presence of high-temperature reduced non-stoichiometric CoAl2O4.It was found out that the Co–Al mixed oxide, derived from the sample with the highest cobalt loading (Co2+/Al3+ = 3.0) preserves a complete and prolonged CO oxidation ability even after cooling down to ambient temperature. On the contrary, the samples with ratios Co2+/Al3+ = 0.5 and 1.5 as well as the Co3O4 oxide deactivate more rapidly during the cycles. A hypothetic scheme is proposed for activation/deactivation of the catalysts. It is related to the oxygen ion-radicals O2x– stabilization by Al3+ cation association with the Co2+/Co3+ redox couple via anionic vacancy.

Graphical abstract.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (133 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Coprecipitated Co–Al hydrotalcites as catalyst precursors in CO oxidation. ► Comparison of the results with unsupported Co3O4. ► Complete and prolonged CO oxidation at room temperature on Co–Al sample with the highest cobalt content. ► Oxygen ion-radicals O2x– stabilization by Al3+ cation. ► Hypothetic scheme about the active ensemble.

Keywords
Co–Al hydrotalcite-like materials; Co–Al mixed oxide; Co3O4; Low temperature CO oxidation
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Effect of Co-content on the structure and activity of Co–Al hydrotalcite-like materials as catalyst precursors for CO oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 399, Issues 1–2, 31 May 2011, Pages 242–251
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us