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Mesoporous zirconium phosphate: An efficient catalyst for the synthesis of coumarin derivatives through Pechmann condensation reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41468 45890 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Mesoporous zirconium phosphate: An efficient catalyst for the synthesis of coumarin derivatives through Pechmann condensation reaction
Abstract

Mesoporous zirconium phosphate (m-ZrP) is used as a solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of coumarins via Pechmann condensation reaction and gave high catalytic activity for the condensation of phenols and ethyl acetoacetate in both conventional heating as well as microwave assisted method. The condensation reaction is studied in detail by varying the reaction parameters like effect of solvent, molar ratio of the reactants, temperature, and catalyst loading. Among the substituted phenols, m-amino phenol is more reactive and 100% yield is obtained in very short time at low temperature due to the presence of ring activating amine group in meta position. The m-ZrP is also active even for simple phenol and 57% yield of 4-methyl coumarin is obtained in conventional heating method. Microwave assisted synthetic method is found to be advantageous over conventional heating for the synthesis of coumarins, as it provides improved yield in very less time.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (265 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Mesoporous zirconium phosphate (m-ZrP) is an efficient catalyst for coumarin synthesis. ▶ Microwave assisted synthesis is the most appropriate method for coumarin synthesis. ▶ 100% yield of 7-amino 4-methyl coumarin was obtained at 110 °C in just 10 min. ▶ m-ZrP is active towards phenol for the synthesis of 4 methyl coumarin. ▶ m-ZrP is easily recoverable from reaction system and can reuse for at least 5 times.

Keywords
Mesoporous zirconium phosphate; Pechmann condensation reaction; Coumarin; Microwave-assisted synthesis
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Mesoporous zirconium phosphate: An efficient catalyst for the synthesis of coumarin derivatives through Pechmann condensation reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 394, Issues 1–2, 28 February 2011, Pages 93–100
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us