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One-pot synthesized mesoporous Ca/SBA-15 solid base for transesterification of sunflower oil with methanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41520 45892 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
One-pot synthesized mesoporous Ca/SBA-15 solid base for transesterification of sunflower oil with methanol
Abstract

A series of Ca/SBA-15 samples with Ca/Si atomic ratios of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 were prepared by using a one-pot synthesis method. They were used in the transesterification of sunflower oil with methanol. For comparison, 0.3Ca/SBA-15 was also synthesized by an incipient impregnation method (0.3Ca/SBA-15-IM). Small-angle XRD, N2 adsorption, TEM, SEM, TG-DTA, FTIR, CO2-TPD techniques were used to determine the textual structure and physicochemical properties of Ca/SBA-15 samples. The mesoporous structure of SBA-15 was well preserved with Ca/Si ratios up to 0.5. Compared with 0.3Ca/SBA-15-IM sample, the Ca/SBA-15 showed not only a better calcium species distribution, but also higher BET surface area and larger medium basic sites. A biodiesel yield of as high as 99.1% was achieved on the 0.5Ca/SBA-15 catalyst at a reaction temperature of 200 °C for 8 h. In the meantime, no deactivation was found after five cycles on Ca/SBA-15 sample prepared by one-pot synthesis method in the transesterification reaction, which showed a much better stability than that of prepared by conventional impregnation method. Besides, a water content of up to 5% and/or free fatty acids (FFAs) content of 3% did not affect the catalytic activity of Ca/SBA-15 catalyst in the transesterification reaction.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (252 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ A series of Ca/SBA-15 samples with Ca/Si molar ratio of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 were prepared by using a one-pot synthesis method and used in the transesterification of sunflower oil with methanol. The mesoporous structure of SBA-15 was well preserved with Ca/Si ratio up to 0.5. ▶ Compared with 0.3Ca/SBA-15-IM sample, the Ca/SBA-15 not only showed a better calcium species distribution, but also showed higher BET surface area and larger medium basic sites. ▶ A biodiesel yield of as high as 99.1% was achieved on the 0.5Ca/SBA-15 catalyst at a reaction temperature of 200 °C for 8 h. At the meantime, no deactivation was found on Ca/SBA-15 sample prepared by one-pot synthesis method in the transesterification reaction, which showed a much better stability than that of prepared by conventional impregnation method. ▶ A water content of up to 5% and/or free fatty acids (FFAs) of 3% did not affect the catalytic activity of Ca/SBA-15 catalyst in the transesterification reaction.

Keywords
Ca/SBA-15; CaO; Solid base; Transesterification; Biodiesel
First Page Preview
One-pot synthesized mesoporous Ca/SBA-15 solid base for transesterification of sunflower oil with methanol
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 390, Issues 1–2, 20 December 2010, Pages 26–34
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis