Heterogeneous photodegradation catalysis of o-phenylenediamine using CuO/X zeolite
In this paper, the photocatalytic degradation of o-phenylenediamine as the deputy of organic pollutant in aqueous solutions with CuO/X zeolite as a photocatalyst under UV irradiation has been studied. Photocatalyst was prepared by ion exchanging process of parent synthetic zeolite NaX with copper(II) nitrate aqueous solution (0.1 M) for 8 h followed by drying and calcination at 450 °C for 4 h. The parent zeolite, ion exchanged media, and photocatalyst were characterized by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, BET and thermal analysis methods. The degradation process was monitored during the experimental runs through UV/vis absorption as well as COD and TOC concentration determination and HPLC methods. The effects of various key operating parameters and the effect of hydrogen peroxide and potassium bromate on the degradation rate of o-phenylenediamine were studied. The optimum values were 0.1 g L−1 of photocatalyst, 10 ppm of o-phenylenediamine, pH of 9, 25 °C, 20.0 mM of H2O2 and 10.0 mM of KBrO3. The results showed that the degradation kinetic of OPD can be described by Langmuir–Hinshelwood equation.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (73 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Aqueous solution of o-phenylendiamil was degraded by zeolite X incorporated CuO under UV irradiation. ▶ CuO inside the zeolite is active center for degradation. ▶ The results of TOC and COD and UV–vis indicate complete degradation of pollutant.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 390, Issues 1–2, 20 December 2010, Pages 110–118