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Hydrogenation versus isomerization in the reaction of cis-2-butene-1,4-diol over supported catalysts: The role of Group VIII transition metals in driving the products selectivity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41534 45892 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogenation versus isomerization in the reaction of cis-2-butene-1,4-diol over supported catalysts: The role of Group VIII transition metals in driving the products selectivity
Abstract

Silica supported Group VIII metal catalysts (Pd, Pt, Ru, Rh and Ir) have been tested at 303 K in liquid-phase reaction of cis-2-butene-1,4-diol with hydrogen at atmospheric pressure. The catalysts have been characterized by TPR, XRD and TEM. The catalytic activity changes in the order: Pd ≫ Rh > Pt > Ru > Ir. Significant differences were observed in products distribution. Ir/SiO2 and Pt/SiO2 favour the hydrogenation reaction to butane-1,4-diol, whereas Rh/SiO2, Pd/SiO2 and Ru/SiO2 significantly promote double bond and geometric isomerization processes, leading to 2-hydroxytetrahydrofuran and trans-2-butene-1,4-diol, respectively. Formation of products, deriving from isomerization and hydrogenation reactions, is explained on the basis of a mechanism involving a common σ-alkyl metal bonded intermediate and the variation in products distribution among the various metals is rationalized taking into account electronic factors.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (54 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Effect of Group VIII transition metals on the activity and selectivity on the cis-2-butene-1,4-diol hydrogenation. ▶ σ-Alkyl as key intermediate explaining the products selectivity in the mechanism of the reaction. ▶ Discrimination between Pt, Ir and Ni metals favouring the hydrogenation and Rh, Pd and Ru promoting the isomerization. ▶ Relation between electronic factors and selectivity of metals.

Keywords
Supported Group VIII metal catalysts; Cis-2-butene-1,4-diol hydrogenation; Isomerization; σ-Alkyl intermediate; Electronic parameters
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Hydrogenation versus isomerization in the reaction of cis-2-butene-1,4-diol over supported catalysts: The role of Group VIII transition metals in driving the products selectivity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 390, Issues 1–2, 20 December 2010, Pages 141–147
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us