fulltext.study @t Gmail

Sulfur poisoning of CeO2–Al2O3-supported mono- and bi-metallic Ni and Rh catalysts in steam reforming of liquid hydrocarbons at low and high temperatures

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41543 45892 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Sulfur poisoning of CeO2–Al2O3-supported mono- and bi-metallic Ni and Rh catalysts in steam reforming of liquid hydrocarbons at low and high temperatures
Abstract

In order to develop a better understanding on sulfur poisoning of reforming catalysts in fuel processing for hydrogen production, steam reforming of liquid hydrocarbons was performed over CeO2–Al2O3 supported monometallic Ni and Rh and bimetallic Rh–Ni catalysts at 550 and 800 °C. XANES was used to identify the sulfur species in the used catalysts and to study their impacts on the metal surface properties probed by XPS. It was found that both monometallic catalysts rapidly deactivated at 550 °C, and showed poor sulfur tolerance. Although ineffective for the Ni catalyst, increasing the temperature to 800 °C dramatically improved the sulfur tolerance of the Rh catalyst. XANES revealed that metal sulfide and organic sulfide are the dominant sulfur species on the used Ni catalyst, while sulfonate and sulfate predominate on the used Rh catalyst. The presence of sulfur induced severe carbon deposition on the Ni catalyst at 800 °C. The superior sulfur tolerance of the Rh catalyst at 800 °C may be associated with its capability in sulfur oxidation. It is likely that the formation of the oxygen-shielded sulfur structure of sulfonate and sulfate can suppress the poisoning impact of sulfur on Rh by inhibiting direct rhodium–sulfur interaction. Moreover, XPS indicated that the metal surface properties of the Rh catalysts after the reaction without and with sulfur at 800 °C are similar, suggesting that sulfur poisoning on Rh was mitigated under the high-temperature condition. Although the Rh–Ni catalyst exhibited better sulfur tolerance than the monometallic catalysts at 550 °C, its catalytic performance was inferior compared with the Rh catalyst in the sulfur-containing reaction at 800 °C probably due to the severe carbon deposition on the bimetallic catalyst.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (92 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ The metal type and reforming temperature have a major impact on the nature of sulfur species on the used Rh and Ni catalysts. ▶ The sulfur tolerance of the Rh and Ni catalysts may be closely correlated with the different sulfur species on their surfaces after hydrocarbon steam reforming with sulfur. ▶ Superior catalyst performance can be achieved by selecting a proper metal formulation and a reforming temperature for sulfur-containing liquid fuels.

Keywords
Steam reforming; Liquid hydrocarbon; Hydrogen; Rh; Ni; Rh–Ni; Catalyst; Deactivation; Sulfur poisoning; Carbon deposition
First Page Preview
Sulfur poisoning of CeO2–Al2O3-supported mono- and bi-metallic Ni and Rh catalysts in steam reforming of liquid hydrocarbons at low and high temperatures
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 390, Issues 1–2, 20 December 2010, Pages 210–218
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us