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Ni2P and CoP catalysts prepared from phosphite-type precursors for HDS–HDN competitive reactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41548 45892 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
Ni2P and CoP catalysts prepared from phosphite-type precursors for HDS–HDN competitive reactions
Abstract

Silica-supported nickel and cobalt phosphide catalysts were synthesized with low metal-loading (5 wt%). The formation of Ni2P and CoP phases was achieved by temperature-programmed reduction of phosphite-based precursors, Ni(HPO3H)2 and Co(HPO3H)2, respectively. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray fluorescence (XRFS), N2 adsorption–desorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and elemental analysis (CNHS). These catalysts were tested in the individual reactions of hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of dibenzothiophene (DBT) and hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) of quinoline (Q), and also in the simultaneous HDS and HDN reactions. These tests were conducted by feeding 3000 ppm of DBT or 3000 ppm of Q. Additional tests were performed with the aim to evaluate S-removal capability by keeping constant Q concentration in the feed (3000 ppm) and varying DBT concentration (200 and 2000 ppm). The catalytic results show that these phosphide catalysts achieve high DBT and Q conversion values at high temperatures though the rate of HDS reaction is higher than that of HDN. In all cases Ni2P is more active than CoP. Moreover, the presence of N-containing molecules in the feed does not affect the S-removal as sulfur is almost completely removed after 48 h on-stream.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (85 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Ni2P catalyst shows a higher activity than CoP one in the HDS and HDN reaction. ▶ The catalytic activity and stability is higher in the HDS reaction than in the HDN one. ▶ The competitive HDS–HDN reactions reveal that Ni2P catalyst is highly active. ▶ N-removal is affected by the presence of sulfur containing molecules. ▶ HDN and HDS reaction must occur on different sites.

Keywords
Commercial silica; Nickel phosphide (Ni2P); Cobalt phosphide (CoP); Dibenzothiophene; HDS; Quinoline; HDN
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Ni2P and CoP catalysts prepared from phosphite-type precursors for HDS–HDN competitive reactions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 390, Issues 1–2, 20 December 2010, Pages 253–263
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us