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Structural and chemical states of palladium in Pd/Al2O3 catalysts under self-sustained oscillations in reaction of CO oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41563 45893 2011 15 PDF Available
Title
Structural and chemical states of palladium in Pd/Al2O3 catalysts under self-sustained oscillations in reaction of CO oxidation
Abstract

Pd/Al2O3 supported catalysts, differed in the initial structural and chemical states of palladium, were examined for the possible existence of self-sustained oscillations in the reaction of CO oxidation under temperature-programmed and isothermal modes using plug flow reactor at ambient pressure and CO and O2 concentration of 0.2 and 1.0 vol%, respectively. The supported samples after the action of reaction mixture were characterized using the HRTEM and XPS methods. The catalysts, calcined at relatively low temperatures 450 °C, cannot induce the self-sustained oscillation phenomena in the reaction of CO oxidation. The calcination at 800 °C yields highly dispersed particles of Pd0 and PdO in the catalysts with sizes varying between 2–3 and 10–20 nm, respectively. In this case self-sustained oscillations (SO) of the CO oxidation appeared in the region of middle CO conversions. In the catalyst calcined at 1000 °C, PdO is formed as large particles with sizes 20–100 nm. During prolonged self-sustained oscillations under isothermal conditions with varying CO concentrations in the reaction mixture, particles with “core–shell” structures are formed, where the cores are PdO and the shells are a Pd0 clusters ordered along a specific direction due to an epitaxy on PdO. Calcination at 1200 °C results in the formation of large Pd0 particles with sizes ≥200 nm. During prolonged self-sustained oscillations with varying CO concentrations under isothermal conditions, the reaction mixture causes destruction of the above particles to yield palladium particles with core–shell structures; in this case the cores are Pd0, and the shells are PdO layers.

Graphical abstractСО + О2 mixture in the self-oscillation regime of the CO oxidation stimulates the formation of core–shell structures in Pd/Al2O3 catalysts.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (294 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The SO regime of CO oxidation stimulates the formation of core–shell structures. ► Two types of core–shell structures were observed. ► Pd/Al2O3-1000 sample contains PdO particles with the shell formed by Pd0 clusters. ► Pd/Al2O3-1200 sample contains Pd0 particles with the shell formed by PdO layer.

Keywords
CO oxidation; Self-sustained oscillations; Palladium; Alumina; Catalysis; Core–shell structure; XPS; HRTEM
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Structural and chemical states of palladium in Pd/Al2O3 catalysts under self-sustained oscillations in reaction of CO oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 401, Issues 1–2, 15 July 2011, Pages 83–97
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us