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Influence of Al3+ insertion in the stannosilicate MFI framework on the catalytic performance in vapor phase aniline N-methylation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41577 45893 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Influence of Al3+ insertion in the stannosilicate MFI framework on the catalytic performance in vapor phase aniline N-methylation
Abstract

Silica-based Sn-MFI, Al-MFI and Al-Sn-MFI molecular sieves were synthesized by hydrothermal crystallization of gels having molar compositions SiO2:xSnO2:yAl2O3:0.23 (TPA)2O:35H2O, where x ranges from 1/0 to 1/200 and y from 1/0 to 1/400. Keeping molar Si/(Al + Sn) = 50, the amount of tin and aluminum in hydrogel was varied (Sn:Al molar ratios = 1:0, 1:0.33, 1:1, 1:3, 0:1) to investigate the synergy between Lewis and Brønsted acid sites in acid catalyzed aniline N-methylation reaction. Catalyst characterization was done by Powder X-ray diffraction, DRUV–vis spectroscopy, temperature programmed ammonia desorption (TPAD) and FTIR spectroscopy. An increase in the Al3+ insertion in Sn-MFI framework resulted in the increase in the stronger acid sites. Al-Sn-MFI showed higher aniline conversion than their monometallic counterparts. A sample having B/L ratio in between 0.67 and 0.91 was found to be optimum for maximizing the NMA yield, indicating the existence synergistic properties of Al-Sn-MFI. Upon process parameter optimization, the optimum sample M50 [Si/Al = 50.2, Si/Sn = 93.8, Si/(Al + Sn) = 43.2] showed the maximum aniline conversion (67%) and NMA selectivity (81%) at reaction temperature = 220 °C, weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) = 3 h−1, molar ratio (aniline to methanol) = 1:8 and TOS = 4 h.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (276 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Investigation of synergetic effect of Lewis and Brønsted acid sites in Sn-MFI. ► Isomorphous substitution of Al in place of Sn in Sn-MFI framework. ► Al-Sn-MFI showed higher aniline conversion compared to their monometallic counterparts. ► Increase of stronger acid sites was found to decrease aniline conversion.

Keywords
Al-Sn-MFI; Brønsted and Lewis acid; Aniline; Methanol; N-methylaniline
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Influence of Al3+ insertion in the stannosilicate MFI framework on the catalytic performance in vapor phase aniline N-methylation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 401, Issues 1–2, 15 July 2011, Pages 182–188
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us