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Synergistic cell-killing by photocatalytic and plasmonic photothermal effects of Ag@TiO2 core–shell composite nanoclusters against human epithelial carcinoma (HeLa) cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41603 45894 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Synergistic cell-killing by photocatalytic and plasmonic photothermal effects of Ag@TiO2 core–shell composite nanoclusters against human epithelial carcinoma (HeLa) cells
Abstract

The Ag metal core–TiO2 shell (Ag@TiO2) composite nanocluster with uniform size, shape and core–shell structures was successfully synthesized by a new simple citrate reduction method. The core–shell structure of Ag@TiO2 nanocluster was characterized by using TEM, SEM, XPS, EDX, XRD, and photoluminescence spectra analysis. It was found that the Ag core is in metallic form which is covered by TiO2 shell within 3–5 nm thickness and the core–shell particles size was about 30 nm. The photocatalytic and photothermal cell killing efficiency of colloidal Ag@TiO2 core–shell nanocluster was evaluated against cancer (HeLa) cells under UV–vis irradiation. It was found that the Ag@TiO2 nanocluster with an adequate Ag ratio to TiO2 killed more malignant (HeLa) cells by 80% compared to TiO2 nanoparticles alone. The comparative study of the cell viability using UV only, visible only and UV–visible light revealed that the synergy effect of photocatalytic hydroxyl radical formation and Ag-plasmonic photothermal generation plays a vital role for the cancer cell killing. Based on the obtained results, a plausible mechanism was also proposed.

Graphical abstractUniform and stable Ag@TiO2 core–shell nanocomposites were prepared and their excellent synergistic effect of photocatalytic and plasmonic cancer cell killing under UV–visible light irradiation was observed.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (296 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Uniform core–shell nanostructure of Ag@TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared. ► Resultant core–shell composites were systematically investigated. ► Introducing for enhancing cancer cell (HeLa) killing under UV–visible light irradiation. ► Efficiency depends on the molar ratio of Ag to TiO2, optimum was found to be 1:7. ► Enhanced cancer killing due to plasmon-excited of Ag core and OH radicals was found.

Keywords
Ag@TiO2; Core–shell structure; Fermi level equilibrium; E-redox reaction; Enhancing photocatalytic activity; Synergistic effect of plasmonic and photocatalytic cytotoxicity; Cancer cell (HeLa) killing
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Synergistic cell-killing by photocatalytic and plasmonic photothermal effects of Ag@TiO2 core–shell composite nanoclusters against human epithelial carcinoma (HeLa) cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 398, Issues 1–2, 15 May 2011, Pages 134–142
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us