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Phase formation and selective oxidation of propane over MoVTeNbOx catalysts with varying compositions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41622 45895 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Phase formation and selective oxidation of propane over MoVTeNbOx catalysts with varying compositions
Abstract

The selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid on MoVTeNbOx catalysts with varying concentrations of vanadium, tellurium and niobium was investigated. Catalysts containing M1 phase were obtained over the compositional range of MoV0.14–0.22Te0.1–0.2Nb0.1–0.2Ox. Vanadium containing sites in the M1 phase are drastically more active for propane activation than in other materials studied. The catalytic activity is directly correlated to its fraction in the overall material and in particular the M1 phase. High concentrations of tellurium induce the formation of the M2 phase decreasing so the overall activity of the catalysts. The intrinsic activity of the M1 phase is, however, independent of the tellurium concentration. Although the presence of the M1 phase is not a stringent requirement for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene, it is required to oxidize the intermediately formed propene with high selectivity to acrylic acid. The active sites for propane activation and propene oxidation are structurally coupled, because the ratio between the rates of the two reactions was always 1:25. Oxygen defect sites in mixed oxides seem to enhance interaction with acrylic acid and lead to decarboxylation and total oxidation.

Graphical abstract. The selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid on MoVTeNbOx catalysts with varying concentrations of vanadium, tellurium and niobium was investigated. Catalysts containing pure M1 phase were obtained over the compositional range of MoV0.14–0.22Te0.1–0.2Nb0.1–0.2Ox. The catalytic activity is directly correlated to the concentration of vanadium in this phase.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (40 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ The selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid on MoVTeNbOx catalysts was investigated. ▶ The M1 phase was obtained over the compositional range of MoV0.14–0.22Te0.1–0.2Nb0.1–0.2Ox. ▶ The catalytic activity is directly correlated to the concentration of V, but independent of the Te concentration. ▶ The presence of the M1 phase is not a stringent requirement for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene. ▶ The M1 phase is required to oxidize the intermediately formed propene with high selectivity to acrylic acid.

Keywords
MoVTeNb; Mixed oxides; Selective oxidation; Propane; Acrylic acid
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Phase formation and selective oxidation of propane over MoVTeNbOx catalysts with varying compositions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 63–69
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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