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Selection of mixed conducting oxides for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane with pulse experiments

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41623 45895 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Selection of mixed conducting oxides for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane with pulse experiments
Abstract

In this study, propane pulse experiments at 550 °C are used as a method to select suitable oxides for further operation of catalytic dense membrane reactor (CDMR) for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (BSCF), La2NiO4+δ (LN) and PrBaCo2O5+δ (PBC) powders were used as model catalysts to explore the catalytic properties of membrane surfaces in terms of activity and selectivity. Furthermore, as propane pulses induce removal of oxygen from the sample, which is therefore depleted in oxygen by reducing the oxide, crucial information on the effect of the oxygen content in the samples (i.e. the oxidation degree) on reactivity and selectivity is obtained. It will be shown that LN is the most promising material for membrane application, provided that it is operated in the optimal window of reduction degree, to ensure high selectivity towards C3H6. Contrary, PBC and BSCF are not suitable for CDMR. In fact, PBC showed low selectivity to C3H6 due to significant formation of CO2, independent of the oxidation degree of the material and BSCF appears to adsorb CO2 by forming carbonates, which might be detrimental for long term operation. However, pulse experiments revealed the remarkable stability of BSCF catalyst's activity towards CO2 adsorption. Despite the presence of carbonate, the material preserved the ability to act as an oxygen source for propane and can be completely regenerated via oxidation. Additionally, the onset temperature in TPR appears to correlate well with the reactivity of lattice oxygen ions with propane, for the three materials studied.

Graphical abstractIn this study, propane pulse experiments at 550 °C are used as a method to select suitable oxides for operation of catalytic dense membrane reactor (CDMR) for selective oxidation of propane. La2NiO4+δ is the most promising material for membrane application, provided that it is operated in the right window of reduction degree while PrBaCo2O5+δ showed low selectivity to C3H6 and Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ appears to adsorb CO2 by forming carbonates.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (90 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Pulse experiments can be used as method to select materials for operation of catalytic dense membrane reactors. ▶ Pulse experiments reveal the intrinsic activity and selectivity of lattice oxygen ions in the mixed oxides. ▶ La2NiO4 is the most promising material for membrane application, contrary to PrBaCo2O5 and Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3.

Keywords
Oxidative dehydrogenation; Propane; Catalytic membrane reactor; Pulse experiment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 70–77
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us