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The influence of the nanostructure on the effect of CO2 on the properties of Pd–Ag thin-film for H2 separation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41634 45895 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
The influence of the nanostructure on the effect of CO2 on the properties of Pd–Ag thin-film for H2 separation
Abstract

The use of co-deposition instead of sequential deposition during the preparation of Pd–Ag thin films by electroless plating deposition leads to two different nanostructures, e.g. a dendritic nanostructure or a more compact and dense film, allowing to analyze the role of this parameter, at equal membrane composition, on the performances. In pure H2 the permeability to hydrogen of the second type of thin films is 3–4 times higher, but the presence of CO2 in the feed changes considerably the performances. The results are tentatively interpreted on the basis of a non-permanent in situ modification of the characteristics of the Pd–Ag thin films, with creation of strains and microholes particularly enhanced for the nanostructure present in the sample prepared by co-deposition. These strains and microholes are suggested to derive from the combined effect of CO2 (with creation of subsurface O and/or C) and of hydrogen diffusion through the thin film, which induces lattice expansion and stress on the nanograins. When the flux of H2 stops, there is a relatively rapid restoring of the initial situation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) characterization after the tests in the presence of CO2 indicates the presence of desintering consistently with above indications and the creation of crack like voids.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (71 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Pd–Ag thin-film H2 membrane nanostructure depends on co- versus sequential EPD. ▶ Dendritic-like nanostructure obtained by electroless plating deposition. ▶ CO2 in the feed influences performances depending on membrane nanostructure. ▶ Creation of reversible strains and microholes due to combined effect of CO2 and H2.

Keywords
Palladium; Thin films; Pd–Ag membrane; H2 separation; Nanostructure; CO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 158–168
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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100% Money Back Guarantee
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