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Strong metal–support interactions on rhodium model catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41636 45895 2011 12 PDF Available
Title
Strong metal–support interactions on rhodium model catalysts
Abstract

Reactive processes on catalyst surfaces are studied in this work for Rh/metal oxide model systems by means of surface science techniques. Published results in the literature deal with titania, alumina, and silica as support materials and are briefly reviewed. For the present studies Rh/Al2O3 and Rh/TiO2 model catalysts with about one monolayer Rh coverage are specially prepared and analyzed by ion scattering spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and thermal desorption measurements as main techniques. In part these measurements are supported by a variety of other analytical and imaging techniques. For thermal treatment in hydrogen atmosphere at low and elevated pressures a complete Rh encapsulation by titania is observed for temperatures above 773 K. The results from ion bombardment depth profiling are corroborated by the concomitant drastic reduction of the CO adsorption capacity of these samples. The model catalysts thus exhibit the typical features of ‘strong metal–support interaction’. The effect was not found for alumina supports, for which thermal treatments mainly resulted in gradual interdiffusion of the various surface species. These results also demonstrate that characteristic catalyst behavior can be successfully studied by applying surface science methods to model catalysts.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (78 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ SMSI on oxide-supported rhodium catalysts are investigated by ISS and XPS. ▶ 773 K reduction leads to encapsulation of Rh/titania model catalysts by oxide layer. ▶ Monolayer surface oxide leads to expected reduction in CO chemisorption. ▶ XPS following ambient pressure H2 reduction shows no indication for Ti3+ at surface.

Keywords
Model catalyst; Rhodium; Titania; Alumina; Strong metal–support interactions; SMSI; Surface analysis; ISS; XPS; TPD
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 175–186
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us