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Investigations on a Pt/TiO2 catalyst coating for oxidation of SO2 in a microstructured reactor for operation with forced decreasing temperature profile

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41648 45895 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Investigations on a Pt/TiO2 catalyst coating for oxidation of SO2 in a microstructured reactor for operation with forced decreasing temperature profile
Abstract

The process of sulphur trioxide production could be conducted as a one-step process in microreactors with forced decreasing temperature profile due to their unique heat and mass transfer capabilities. The choice of a very active catalyst in such reactors is one of the key issues to avoid excessive microfabrication and consequently reactor costs. Comparing vanadium to platinum, we found that platinum is the preferred catalyst based on calculations of the ratio of catalyst to reactor volume combined with the specific activity of the catalysts. To demonstrate the feasibility of the one-step process experimentally, we prepared catalysts with 9 wt.% Pt on TiO2 on microstructured titanium foils by means of a sol–gel method followed by wet impregnation. The catalyst was investigated by SEM, EDX, adsorption measurements and microprobe analysis to study the Pt distribution. We found almost equal distribution of platinum in the TiO2 layer, both with respect to the axial position in the channels as well as regarding the concentration profile of Pt in depth of the support layer. Pores might at least partially be blocked with Pt. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of the start-up behaviour on the lifetime of the catalyst, finding that starting up with the SO2–O2 mixture gives the most stable operation. Humidity, which cannot be avoided in the laboratory set-up and the graphite-sealed microreactor, is assumed to be the main reason for deactivation during shut-downs.

Graphical abstractThe process of sulphur trioxide production could be conducted as a one-step process in microreactors with forced decreasing temperature profile. For demonstration of the process, we prepared catalysts with 9 wt.% Pt on TiO2 on microstructured titanium foils by means of a sol–gel method followed by wet impregnation. The catalyst was investigated by various methods to study the Pt distribution. Furthermore, we investigated the start-up behaviour and lifetime of the catalyst.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (114 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Detailed study on Pt/TiO2 catalyst layer properties for sulphur dioxide oxidation in microreactors. ▶ Comparison of Pt/TiO2 catalysts and vanadium catalysts for SO2 oxidation in microreactors. ▶ Investigation of start-up routines for platinum catalysts for SO2 oxidation. ▶ Investigation of deactivation of Pt/TiO2 catalysts in SO3 generation.

Keywords
Forced temperature profile; Microreactor; One-pass synthesis; SO2 oxidation
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Investigations on a Pt/TiO2 catalyst coating for oxidation of SO2 in a microstructured reactor for operation with forced decreasing temperature profile
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 289–296
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us