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Production of hydrogen from dimethyl ether on supported Au catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41657 45895 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Production of hydrogen from dimethyl ether on supported Au catalysts
Abstract

The adsorption and reactions of dimethyl ether (DME) were investigated on Au nanoparticles supported by various oxides and carbon Norit. Infrared spectroscopic and temperature programmed desorption studies revealed that DME adsorbs readily on most oxidic supports. A limited dissociation of DME to methoxy species was established on Au particles by IR spectroscopy. As regards the formation of hydrogen, Au/CeO2 is the most effective catalyst. On Au/Al2O3 catalyst the main process was the formation of methanol with a very small amount of hydrogen. Deposition of Au on CeO2–Al2O3 mixed oxide resulted in a very active catalyst for H2 production. The yield for H2 in the reforming of DME approached the value of 73% at 723–773 K. This feature was explained by the hydrolysis of DME to methanol on alumina, and the fast decomposition of methanol at the Au/CeO2 interface. Adding potassium promoter to Au/CeO2–Al2O3 catalyst further enhanced the production of hydrogen as indicated by the increase of the yield to ∼87%. No deactivation of the catalyst was experienced at 773 K for the measured time, ∼10 h.

Graphical abstractProduct distribution in the reforming of DME on 1% K + 1% Au/CeO2 + Al2O3 (co-impregnated) catalyst at different temperatures (A). The selectivity and yield of H2 formation in time on stream at 773 K (B).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (104 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
IR spectra of adsorbed dimethyl ether; Decomposition of dimethyl ether; Reforming of dimethyl ether; Hydrogen production; Au catalyst; CeO2 support
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Production of hydrogen from dimethyl ether on supported Au catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 360–366
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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