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Structural properties of an unsupported model Pt–Sn catalyst and its catalytic properties in cyclohexene transformation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41659 45895 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Structural properties of an unsupported model Pt–Sn catalyst and its catalytic properties in cyclohexene transformation
Abstract

Unsupported PtSn powder was prepared by direct reduction of a solution containing both H2PtCl6 and SnCl4 using hydrazine as the reducing agent. The dark gray powder was characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDX analysis, Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, XPS depth profiling after different treatments: presintering, O2 and H2 treatments. SEM showed a conglomerate of small spherical particles (0.2–1.5 μm). They contained Pt, various PtSn alloy phases and tin-oxide(s). EDX showed 70–75% Pt and 25–30% Sn on various grains. The mixture of Pt3Sn and SnO2 represented the final stabilized state obtained upon repeated heating in air and, finally, H2. This mixed Pt–Sn was catalytically inactive in “structure-sensitive” reactions, such as methylcyclopentane ring opening or cyclohexane dehydrogenation, but was active in “structure-insensitive” hydrogenation and also in the dehydrogenation of cyclohexene. The relative importance of the latter two reactions depended strongly on the previous treatments of the catalyst—i.e., on its composition, the final stage (Pt3Sn and SnO2) being most active, with cyclohexane as the main product.

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Keywords
PtSn; Bimetallic catalyst; X-ray diffraction; Mössbauer spectroscopy; XPS; Electron microscopy; Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation of cyclohexene
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Structural properties of an unsupported model Pt–Sn catalyst and its catalytic properties in cyclohexene transformation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 377–385
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us