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The decarbonylation of acetaldehyde on Pd crystals and on supported catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41661 45895 2011 6 PDF Available
Title
The decarbonylation of acetaldehyde on Pd crystals and on supported catalysts
Abstract

The reaction of acetaldehyde with pure Pd (in single crystal form, Pd(1 1 0) and Pd(1 1 1)) and with nanoparticles of Pd supported on silica have been investigated. The main reactions involved are decarbonylation (to produce CO and methane) and dehydrogenation (to produce CO, H2 and carbon), and both of these reactions are seen on the unsupported and supported forms of Pd. In general the behaviour is similar, but there is a marked contrast in the temperature dependence of the reaction on single crystals and on the catalysts. On the crystals there is a sharp transition between decarbonylation and dehydrogenation, occurring at 420 K, whereas the catalysts show little activity for dehydrogenation, even up to 600 K. The reason for this relates to the capacity of the samples to absorb the carbon product of dehydrogenation into the bulk of the sample. The single crystal samples have a very low surface:bulk ratio and C formed at the surface is quickly lost to the bulk above 420 K, leaving an apparently clean and reactive Pd surface. The catalysts on the other hand, due to their high surface:bulk ratio, quickly become carbidised and are thereby passivated towards dehydrogenation, favouring high selectivity to decarbonylation. This proves that Pd catalysts are dehydrogenation catalysts and are only more selective to other routes when passivated by bulk carbon (or other additives such as Au).

Graphical abstractThe activity of Pd single crystals and a Pd/SiO2 catalyst have been compared for the decarbonylation/dehydrogenation of acetaldehyde. In fact Pd is a dehydrogenator, not a decarbonylator, but when the both types of Pd become carbided, then they become selective for the decarbonylation reaction, as shown in the figure. This is a GENERAL property of Pd catalysts and is a very important factor in industrial catalysis.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (137 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Acetaldehyde decarbonylation; Palladium catalysts; Single crystal Pd; Surface carbon; Acetaldehyde dehydrogenation; Pulsed flow reactor; Molecular beam reactor
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The decarbonylation of acetaldehyde on Pd crystals and on supported catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 391, Issues 1–2, 4 January 2011, Pages 394–399
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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