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Synthesis of carbon nanotubes by methane decomposition over Co–Mo/Al2O3: Process study and optimization using response surface methodology

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41679 45896 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of carbon nanotubes by methane decomposition over Co–Mo/Al2O3: Process study and optimization using response surface methodology
Abstract

Systematic studies of various process variables on the formation of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by methane decomposition over a Co–Mo/Al2O3 catalyst were performed using a three-level factorial design in response surface methodology. A quadratic polynomial model for carbon yield was developed by multiple-regression analysis. The optimum conditions for CNT production within the experimental ranges were found at a reaction temperature of 761 °C, a methane partial pressure of 0.75 atm and a catalyst weight of 0.4 g. The carbon yield predicted at the optimum process conditions was 607%. Examination by electron microscopy revealed that the CNTs grown under optimum conditions had diameters of 11.8 ± 1.9 nm (average diameter ± standard deviation) and possessed an open-tip morphology.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (263 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights► The effects of process variables were examined using RSM three-level factorial design. ►TGA and HRTEM reveal that the CNTs had a high degree of crystallinity. ► TEM and SEM show that CNTs were densely grown and possessed open-tip morphology. ► The open tips had diameters in the range of 3.6–4.8 nm. ► Long CNTs entangled to form aggregated pores with pore sizes within 20–100 nm.

Keywords
Methane decomposition; Co–Mo/Al2O3; Carbon nanotubes; Response surface methodology
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Synthesis of carbon nanotubes by methane decomposition over Co–Mo/Al2O3: Process study and optimization using response surface methodology
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 396, Issues 1–2, 15 April 2011, Pages 52–58
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us