Procedure to tailor activity of methane combustion catalyst: Relation between Pd/PdOx active sites and methane oxidation activity
The paper describes a new way to tune the activity of PdOx/Al2O3 catalyst—by adjusting the concentration of the impregnation solvent. The effect of tuning on aging was investigated.Catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Surface properties of the catalysts were measured by Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), NH3 desorption (NH3–TPD), and CO pulse chemisorption methods. The activities in methane combustion were measured under lean burn conditions.Activity of the supported catalyst was successfully optimized by adjusting the concentration of carboxylic acid in the impregnation solution. The results showed that the activity of the catalyst is related to the Pd/PdOx ratio as measured by NH3–TPD method. The results also indicated that low light-off temperature is obtained when the proper proportion of PdOx is able to transform to metallic Pd during heating. The catalyst reconstruction during aging caused the amount of PdO sites to increase and, thereby, some loss of catalyst activity.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (115 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights► An improved PdOx/Al2O3 methane combustion catalyst is presented. ► Acid concentration plays a key role in the preparation. ► Pd/PdOx ratio is used to tune the combustion activity. ► NH3 TPD and XRD have are used to correlate activity with surface species.
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 397, Issues 1–2, 30 April 2011, Pages 54–61