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Silicon carbide foam composite containing cobalt as a highly selective and re-usable Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41706 45897 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Silicon carbide foam composite containing cobalt as a highly selective and re-usable Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalyst
Abstract

The Fischer–Tropsch synthesis was evaluated on cobalt based catalyst supported on a medium surface area SiC foam ceramic in a fixed-bed configuration. The catalytic results were compared with those obtained on a Co/Al2O3 foam catalyst. At medium conversion (<50%) the two catalysts display similar C5+ selectivity indicate that the intrinsic selectivity between the two catalysts is close from each other. However, when the CO conversion was increased to 70%, a significant difference in terms of the C5+ selectivity was observed between the two catalysts, i.e. 80% on the Co/SiC and 54% on the Co/Al2O3, which indicate that under severe FTS reaction conditions the SiC seems to be more suitable support than alumina. It is also worth to note that under these reaction conditions the chain length probability, α, obtained on the SiC-based catalyst was 0.91 and wax formation was especially favoured. The improvement of the C5+ selectivity observed on the SiC catalyst was attributed to the high efficiency of the support to evacuate heat generated during the course of the reaction owing to it higher thermal conductivity and also to the presence of meso- and macro-porosity of the support. Additional catalytic test conducted on a hybrid support, i.e. Al2O3 coated SiC foam, again confirms the high C5+ selectivity under a similar severe reaction conditions in the presence of a SiC structure underneath of the alumina layer which play a role of heat disperser. In addition, the high chemical inertness of the SiC material also allows one to perform an easy recovery of both the active phase and the support by a simple acid washing. The recovered SiC support was further impregnated with a fresh cobalt phase and re-tested in the FTS and the catalytic results are compared with those of the former catalyst. The same product yield was obtained which confirms the potential of SiC to be employed as a re-usable support.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (275 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights► Medium surface area SiC and Al2O3/SiC foam for use as catalyst support. ► High effective surface area and low pressure drop foam catalyst support. ► Active cobalt-based catalyst for the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis reaction with high selectivity for liquid hydrocarbons. ► Easy recovery of both the cobalt active phase and the SiC support by a simple acid washing. ► Complete re-usable support.

Keywords
Silicon carbide; Alumina; Fischer; Tropsch synthesis; Catalyst recovery; Support recovery
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Silicon carbide foam composite containing cobalt as a highly selective and re-usable Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 397, Issues 1–2, 30 April 2011, Pages 62–72
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us