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Synthesis of MWCNTs and hydrogen from ethanol catalytic decomposition over a Ni/La2O3 catalyst produced by the reduction of LaNiO3

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41707 45897 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of MWCNTs and hydrogen from ethanol catalytic decomposition over a Ni/La2O3 catalyst produced by the reduction of LaNiO3
Abstract

In the present paper we present a clean process that allows the simultaneous production of hydrogen and carbon nanotubes based on catalytic decomposition of ethanol, which is a renewable energy source. The catalyst consists of Ni nanoparticles highly dispersed on La2O3, obtained by the reduction of LaNiO3. The effect of reaction conditions, such as reaction temperature and ethanol heating temperature, on the gaseous composition of the produced gas and the characteristics of the carbonaceous deposits was studied. An increase of the reaction temperature leads to an increase in H2 production. The carbonaceous deposits were characterized by TGA, Raman spectroscopy TEM and HRTEM analysis. TEM micrographs show that the nanotubes were multi-walled with inner diameters ranging from 4 nm to 12 nm and outer diameters up to 75 nm. At low reaction temperatures the production of fibers is favored. The best graphitized carbon material was obtained when ethanol reacts at the surface of the catalyst instead of products issued from the thermal decomposition of ethanol (CH4, CO, CO2, C2H6 and C2H4). The yield of carbon nanotube (CNT) and H2 were 3.5 gCNT (gcat h)−1 and 39 LH2(g h)−139 LH2(g h)−1 respectively at 700 °C. The inner diameter of the CNTs does not depend on the experimental conditions used, whereas the outer diameter strongly depends on the reaction temperature (from 500 °C to 700 °C). From HRTEM images two types of carbon materials were shown: one with parallel graphene layers and one with fishbone structure. The intershell spacings dˆ0 0 2 were measured, the average value was equal to 0.344 nm for parallel tubes, while in curvature the d spacing is higher: 0.360 nm.

Graphical abstract.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (172 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► High yields of H2 and CNTs are produced by ethanol decomposition over Ni/La2O3. ► H2, different gasses and CNTs yields depend on reaction conditions. ► Carbon nanotubes are of multi-wall-type. ► CNTs properties depend on reaction conditions. ► CNTs defects induce changes in the intershell spacing.

Keywords
Ethanol; MWCNTs; Hydrogen; Perovskites; Nickel
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Synthesis of MWCNTs and hydrogen from ethanol catalytic decomposition over a Ni/La2O3 catalyst produced by the reduction of LaNiO3
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 397, Issues 1–2, 30 April 2011, Pages 73–81
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us