fulltext.study @t Gmail

The Heck arylation of mono- and disubstituted olefins catalyzed by palladium supported on alumina-based oxides

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41758 45899 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
The Heck arylation of mono- and disubstituted olefins catalyzed by palladium supported on alumina-based oxides
Abstract

Palladium catalysts containing Pd(0) or Pd(II) supported on alumina-based mixed oxides prepared by alkoxide sol–gel method (Al2O3, Al2O3–ZrO2, Al2O3–ZrO2–Eu2O3, Al2O3–MgO, Al2O3–CeO2, Al2O3–Fe2O3) are very effective in the Heck coupling of bromobenzene with butyl acrylate in DMF solvent. In the presence of an excess of bromobenzene, butyl cinnamate (1) was formed as the main product after 4 h. With the same catalysts, good results, up to 97% yield of ethyl β-phenylcinnamate (3), were also obtained in the coupling of bromobenzene with ethyl cinnamate. The three most active catalysts, Pd(0)/Al2O3, Pd(II)/Al2O3, and Pd(II)/Al2O3–Fe2O3, were applied in the Heck cross-coupling of cinnamates with different bromobenzene and iodobenzene derivatives, leading to β-arylcinnamate products. The highest yield was observed when iodoanisole and cinnamic aldehyde were used as substrates. The formation of Pd(0) nanoparticles in the Heck reaction carried out with supported Pd(II) catalyst precursors was confirmed by TEM measurements.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (50 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Palladium supported on alumina-based oxide is highly active in Heck reactions. ▶ Support has an improving influence on the catalytic activity of palladium. ▶ During Heck reaction supported Pd(II) forms Pd(0) nanoparticles. ▶ The diameter of Pd(0) nanoparticles is not changed during Heck reaction.

Keywords
Heck reaction; Nanostructured alumina-based oxides; Palladium nanoparticles; Supported palladium; β-Arylcinnamate
First Page Preview
The Heck arylation of mono- and disubstituted olefins catalyzed by palladium supported on alumina-based oxides
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 393, Issues 1–2, 15 February 2011, Pages 195–205
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us