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Influence of alkaline metal on performance of supported silicotungstic acid catalysts in glycerol dehydration towards acrolein

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41774 45899 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Influence of alkaline metal on performance of supported silicotungstic acid catalysts in glycerol dehydration towards acrolein
Abstract

A series of supported silicotungstic acid (H4SiW12O40·xH2O) catalysts was prepared from selected silica and alumosilicate carriers. Alkaline metals lithium, potassium and caesium were added to modify catalyst Brønsted acidity. Physico-chemical characterisation of the catalysts was carried out with nitrogen adsorption (BET), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy and revealed that the nature of the alkaline metal is significant for (i) specific surface area which rises with metal ion radii and (ii) dispersion of active compound formed from alkaline metal and silicotungstic acid on the support surface. Interestingly, acidic properties rather do not depend on nature of alkaline metal. The catalysts were catalytically evaluated at standardised reaction conditions in a continuous flow lab scale set-up (10 wt.% of glycerol in water, 225–300 °C, modified contact time 0.15 kg h mol−1). Among the tested supported catalysts, lithium exchanged H4SiW12O40·xH2O showed highest activity and maximum selectivity of 70% for acrolein at complete conversion. Main effect of alkaline metal addition can be seen in improved selectivity and activity, in particular with silica supported catalysts.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (25 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Glycerol reacts towards acrolein with high yield over supported silicotungstic acid. ▶ Catalyst performance is linked to acidic properties and phase behaviour. ▶ Alkaline metals (Li, K, Cs) modify catalyst acidity and dehydration performance. ▶ Catalyst preparation sequence has a strong impact on activity and selectivity.

Keywords
Silicotungstic acid; Alkaline metals; Glycerol dehydration; Acrolein; Acidic properties
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Influence of alkaline metal on performance of supported silicotungstic acid catalysts in glycerol dehydration towards acrolein
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 393, Issues 1–2, 15 February 2011, Pages 331–339
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us